Comm 292 Chapter 13 Notes

Mechanistic model a structure characterized by high

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Mechanistic Model – a structure characterized by high specialization, rigid departmentalization, a clear chain of command, narrow spans of control, a limited information network, and centralization. Organic Model – a structure that is flat, uses cross-functional and cross-hierarchical teams, possesses a comprehensive information network, has wide spans of control, and has low formalization. ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGNS
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Simple Structure – an organizational design characterized by a low degree of departmentalization, wide spans of control, authority centralized in a single person, and little formalization. The simple structure is most widely practiced in small businesses. It is simple. It’s fast, flexible, and inexpensive to maintain, and accountability is clear. One major weakness is that it is difficult to maintain in anything other than small organizations. Bureaucracy – an organizational design with highly routine operating tasks achieved through specialization, formalized rules and regulations, tasks that are grouped into functional departments, centralized authority, narrow spans of control, and decision making that follows the chain of command. Primary strength: its ability to perform standardized activities in a highly efficient manner. Weaknesses: can create subunit conflict. Matrix Structure – an organizational design that combines functional and product departmentalization; it has a dual chain of command. Advantages: its ability to foster coordination when the organization carries out many complex and interdependent activities. Also facilitates the efficient allocation of specialists. Disadvantages: the confusion it creates, tendency to foster power struggles, and the stress it places on individuals. Team Structure – the use of teams as the central device to coordinate work activities. It breaks down departmental barriers and decentralizes decision making to the level of work team. Modular Organization – a small core organization that outsources major business functions. Advantages: organizations can devote their technical and managerial talent to their most critical activities. They can respond more quickly to environmental changes, and there is increased focus on customers and markets. Disadvantages: it reduces management’s control over key parts of its business, decreasing
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Mechanistic Model a structure characterized by high...

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