Singular plural 1 st person eram erāmus poteram

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singular plural 1 st Person eram erāmus poteram poterāmus 2 nd Person erās erātis poterās poterātis 3 rd Person erat erant poterat poterant Interrogative Pronouns Interrogative Pronouns M/F Neuter Singular Plural Singular Plural Nominative (who) quis quī quid quae Genitive (whose) cuius quōrum cuius quōrum Dative (whom) cui quibus cui quibus Accusative quem quōs quid quae Ablative quō quibus quō quibus
WHEN YOU SEE… When you see Case Translate quī, quae, quod Nominative who/which/that cuius , quōrum, quārum Genitive whose/of whom/of which cui, quibus Dative to whom/to which quem, quam, quōs, quās, quae Accusative whom/which quī, quā, quibus Ablative BWIOF whom/which Relative Pronoun connects or relates two pieces of information about the same person. “I know the person who ate your cake.” Interrogative pronoun asks a question Who ate my cake?” Interrogative adjective modifies a noun and asks “which” Which person did that?” CHAPTER 19 PluPerfect Tense- I had called Perfect tense – I have called singular plural 1 st Person -eram -erāmus 2 nd Person -erās -erātis 3 rd Person -erat -erant
this, these Feminine Masculine Neuter Singular Plural Singular Plural Singular Plural Nominative haec hae hic hoc haec Genitive huius hārum huius hōrum huius hōrum Dative huic hīs huic hīs chui hīs Accusative hanc hās hunc hōs hoc haec Ablative hāc hīs hōc hīs hōc hīs Comparatives More, better, less, happier “X is bigger than Y” Simplest way to make a comparative in English is to add –er at the end of the adjec- tive Some times we use “more” instead, “more beautiful” Forming comparatives Add –ior (masc. and fem.) and – ius (neuter) to the stem followed by 3 rd declension endings Pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum pulchr- + - ior, ius = pulchrior, -ius more beautiful CHAPTER 20 Another form of adjective: Superaltive: we form these by using the word “most” or by adding “-est” to the adjective Positive Comparative Superlative angry angrier more angry angriest most angry tall taller tallest
good better best bad worse worst many more most In Latin these are formed by adding –issimus, -a, -um to the stem. Adjective Stem Ending Example laetus, -a, -um laet- -issimus, -a, -um laetissimus, -a, -um fortis, -e fort- -issimus, -a, -um fortissimus, -a, -um Any adjective with a masculine nominative singular ending in – er forms a superla- tive by adding - rimus, -a, -um not to the stem but directly to the masculine nominative singular form 2-1-2 and 3 rd declension adjectives Adjective Masculine Nominative Singular Ending Example miser, misera, miserum miser -rimus, -a, -um miserrimus, -a, -um pulcher, -chra, -chrum pulcher -rims, -a, -um pulcherrimus, -a, -um ācer, ācris, ācre ācer -rimus, -a, -um ācerrimus, -a, -um Six adjectives ending in – lis form their superlatives by adding – limus, -a, -um to the stem Adjective Stem Ending Example facilis, -e facil- -limus, -a, -um facillimus, -a, -um difficilis, -e difficil- -limus, -a, -um difficillimus, -a, -um similis, -e simil- -limus, -a, -um simillimus, -a, -um dissimilis, -e dissimil -limus, -a, -um

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