Course Hero Logo

Party nationalization scores which account for the

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 14 - 16 out of 20 pages.

Party Nationalization Scores, which account for the uniformity of electoral suc-cess, indicate widespread support for the Liberals and Conservatives. Only since the1990s have other partiesreally only the NDPchallenged the Liberals andConservatives as truly national parties in terms of electoral support. The Reform/CA governance strategy was unsuccessful, with its support remaining largely lim-ited to the west. Its merger with the PC party resulted in a highly nationalizednew party, the Conservative party of Canada. The Bloc Québécois chose to pursuea regional strategy, limiting itself to Quebec in the hope of using its support there toreshape the federation.Figure 4.Party Nationalization Score: Government and Official Opposition (18672015).164Scott Pruyserset al.
The Party Nationalization Scores of the government and opposition allow us toconsider the degree of nationalization of the contest for government in the broadsense. In is not surprising that the two largest electoral parties have widespreadelectoral coverage and success, although the consistency with which they eachscore above 0.8 suggests a strongly nationalized contest for government. The figuresreveal the powerful disruption to this pattern associated with the First World Warand the arrival of Reform/CA and the Bloc in the 1990s, the latter indicating thepeculiar role that successful regional parties may have in a federation.Party system nationalization (Figure 3) after 1878 is heavily shaped by insurgentparties, many with regionally limited appeal. The Progressives in the 1920s andSocial Credit and the CCF in the 1930s, all with regionalized support, are associatedwith a secular drop in party system nationalization, particularly after 1945. Theconstruction of the NDP produced a party that by the late 1960s was able to com-pete everywhere, generating a national three-party system, as measured by coverage.Its uneven electoral appeal, however, continued to contribute to reduced systemnationalization scores across this period. The appearance of the Reform/CA andBloc in the 1990s produced another secular drop in system nationalization scoresdespite the more even electoral success of the NDP. The initially limited coverageand appeal of the Green party in the last decade of the twentieth century reducedsystem nationalization, although its later success in coverage and its attraction of aconstant, if low, level support now works to sustain nationalization.An important theme throughout our results is that the dynamics of regionaliza-tion are not simply the by-product of party competition in Quebec. This can beseen in early struggles among the major parties to field candidates across the entirecountry. In the 1874 election, for instance, the Conservatives ran just 29 candidatesin Ontario, approximately 34 per cent of the districts in the province. Westernpro-testparties have also been a perennial source of regionalization. During the highlyregionalized 1945 election, for example, the Social Credit party won a plurality ofthe vote in Alberta, limiting the appeal and success of the more nationalized partiesin the province. Even much of the regionalization of the 1990s can be credited toparties and politics outside of Quebec. The Liberal party held government for thedecade after 1993 by dominating Ontario, while a split on the right and the seques-tering of Quebec votes by the regionally focused Bloc cut off other routes to power

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 20 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
Douek
Tags
The American, Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, Liberal Party of Canada, Politics of Canada, Canadian Party System

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture