23 Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process EU Horn of

23 declaration of the ministerial conference of the

This preview shows page 35 - 38 out of 82 pages.

23 Declaration of the Ministerial Conference of the Khartoum Process (EU-Horn of Africa Migration Route Initiative) (2014). Rome
Image of page 35
36 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration 3. THE YOUTH EMPLOYMENT MIGRATION NEXUS Un- and under-employed youth represent a huge untapped resource for social and economic development in Puntland and Somaliland. Economic growth and social stability depend on the youth-employment nexus – in other words, on the capacity to generate actual ‘demographic dividends’, by creating skilled and unskilled jobs for the local youth. In this regard, a proper understanding of youth as a driver entails two correlated operations: 1) integrating returnees; and 2) preventing youth from leaving the local labour market. This section provides a detailed overview of the supply and demand sides of the local labour market, as only a thorough understanding of the perceptions, actual skills, and professional expectations of both employers and employees can lead to sustainable skills development and job creation for the youth. A. OBSTACLES TO YOUTH PROFESSIONAL INTEGRATION During the preliminary phase of the survey, the research team first sought to identify the key structural obstacles to the integration of youth by the surveyed urban labour markets. Most key informant respondents and focus group participants stressed the following obstacles: 1) reluctance from youth to accept ‘degrading’ jobs; 2) focus on a few niches and lack of marketable skills; 3) failure of technical and higher education actors. Chart 2: Subjective and objective obstacle to employment: Ex-ante assessment This pre-assessment points to a triple mismatch or misalignment between the supply and demand sides: youth’s expectations , interests , and skills are not aligned with local labour markets. The field assessments conducted in the four surveyed urban areas confirm this initial analysis, while deepening its causes.
Image of page 36
37 IOM Somalia - Research on Youth, Employment and Migration AN OUT-DATED VOCATIONAL TRAINING SYSTEM As confirmed by the Somaliland Labour Force Survey, which found an unemployment rate of 46% among vocational training graduates in Hargeysa, vocational training programmes in Somaliland and Puntland are limited in their impact on employment. 24 NGOs implementing Technical Vocational Education and Training (TVET) projects, employers and government officials outlined a number of problems: 1) Duration: Many TVET programmes only offer Level 1 education – meaning basic and very short training lasting from 3 to 6 months in the chosen profession which would not allow graduates to become an expert, but rather work as unskilled labourers: “Local organisations are funded by international organisations, which sometimes do not plan projects well – they are giving a very short period of time – 3, 6 months to give a skill – this is not enough to give one a good level on marketable skills. For example, 3 months cannot make you a good electrician.” (PUNSAA, Hargeysa)
Image of page 37
Image of page 38

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 82 pages?

  • Fall '17
  • IOM, Human migration, Somaliland

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors