final exam notes 2 and quizlets.docx

Never wrote anything down o philosophy all about know

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never wrote anything down o philosophy all about know thyself o goodness was based on knowledge and evil was based on ignorance. Plato : (427-347 BC) 80 years old o he interviewed Socrates and wrote everything down o both believed ideas were lasting -Education:
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Develops personality of the individual, helps assist people in their worth. The school is the only agency whose responsibility is to stress this knowledge You will further find out about yourself through the curriculum Curriculum centered around the following: o Fine arts- science o Language- philosophy o Logic- history o Math- geography Things don’t change with the whims of society 3. Idealism and physical activity -Select activities that encourage honesty, courage, creativity and sportsmanship; wrestling, running, discus, gymnastics, fitness -Develop strong moral character -Body developed along with the mind -Teacher is firm and paternalistic -Organizations that espouse this philosophy: YMCA FCA Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints -an idealist would: believe health & physical activity are an integral part of sports organizations 4.Realism
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-A result of scientific methods -Material objects exist in and of themselves, without being dependent upon being perceived -Revolt against idealism -Things- objective; ideas- subjective -Education is objective: objectives, teaching, evaluation, testing -The physical world is the real world -Stresses sciences, drills, memorization -Standardized tests, record keeping; performance scores -a realist would: be a “bean counter the keep all kinds of scores, results & records reward good performance Study anatomy, kinesiology, physiology Emphasize drills & fundamentals -Philosophers that were realists Aristotle (384-322 BC) 62 years old St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274 AD) 49 5. Naturalism -concerned w/ land, forest, etc as well as astronomy, chemistry, physics -Very important in education; centered around basic needs we have (security, clothing, protection, etc) -Children learned activities from parents and grandparents
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-It was passed on a privilege and a right -Compete against/challenge yourself rather than others to the be the best that you can. Competition against others is discouraged - views on discipline are practically no existent. A person who disobeyed brought on their own punishment Education would encourage self discipline -Naturalists: Jean Jacques Rousseau : (1712-1778) 66 years o revolted against the fact that everything was so machine like. He said man was not a machine and shouldn't be educated as such. o Encouraged emotions. Believed in freedom the natural way. Child should be allowed to be children before they become men and women. o One of the first to address female learners. He believed the 2 genders had diff interests.
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