In a complete shoe it bears the brand name size etc Baker shoe uppers mainly

In a complete shoe it bears the brand name size etc

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it. In a complete shoe it bears the brand name, size etc. Baker: shoe uppers, mainly for ladies upper with glaced kid leather need some reinforcement for strengthening. This is usually done by sticking a fabric backer beneath 2
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upper. The facing of laced shoe is normally supported by putting a reinforcement in between upper and lining of a quarter facing 6. Various bottom parts of a shoe : Insole: the inside bottom part ofa shoe is called insole. A shoe construction is based on its insole only. The initial moulding or lasting of the upper is done on insole. Usually single piece material (leather or leather board) was used for this purpose but now-a-day blended insoles (flexible forepart and a rigid seat portion) are in use. Though full insoles are used for most of the construction but half insoles are used for the true moccasin construction. Sole: the lasted shoe is stucked/stitched with a material at the bottom is called the ‘sole’. This part always remains touch with the ground. A light and good abrasive resistant soling materials is ideal for a shoe Heel: it is moulded with sole or separately attached to the shoe. This is the seat portion of a shoe which bears the body weight. The heel of a shoe has various height which is dependent on the toe spring of the shoe Heel Lift: leather heels are made with the attachment of several layers of materials. Required components are attached, trimmed and moulded to make a complete heel. Top piece: final layer of the heel lifts which touches the ground are known as top pieces. Top pieces are usually made with prime quality leather. Welt : there are two types are use in footwear making, (1) Mock, (2) Welt for Welted shoe construction The former welt is used as an ornament for the shoe while the latter is used for attachment of bottom part with lasted upper construction. It is a strip of leather skived one edge to facilitate attachment with the insole rib. There is also a groove on its flesh side into which the welt sewing passes Bottom filling: The filler is used to fill the gap between the insole and outsole or midsole, formed due to lasting of upper on the insole. Granulated cork sheet, leather or felts are the ideal material as it goes inside the forepart of the shoe. However any other material if used must be flexible in nature. Midsole: In heavy footwear such as safety boot or ammunition boot an intermediate layer of sole is used in between insole and outsole is known as midsole or through sole. Runner: In Veldstchoen construction a special type of insole which is extended all round to facilitate “out-flanged” lasting is known as runner. 3
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Toe Puff: To retain the shape at the toe portion of the shoe a thin stiffening material inserted in between lining and upper at the toe of the shoe.
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  • Spring '14
  • Onyancha PhD

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