… the latter of which blames blacks for their subordinate position and rejects any government measures to repair the effects of other government measures. (In a bit of quibbling between sociologists, we note that the theory of laissez-faireracism differs from the theory of symbolicracism, in that the latter focuses on the effects of childhood socialization, the way people teach youth to resist any efforts to foster equality. Laissez-faireracism is rooted more in the distribution of authority and wealth among racial groups, thus in group position, in the tendency of dominant groups to try to maintain and justify their dominance.)
III.Why call it racism?
V.Patterns of change in racial attitudes
VI.Theories of change A.Cohort vs. individual change – Both once drove support for racial progress but now no longer do.B.Myrdal’s hypothesis of white guilt over black oppression driving change in attitudesfinds no support.C.Decline of biological racism, which has been replaced by disapproval of black culture and choices. VII.Basic roots of the shift … include the decline of cotton harvesting by blacks, and successes of the CRM in outlawing formalsegregation and voter suppression. A.Economics, demographics, and black institutional development Mechanization of harvesting pushed blacks from the Cotton-Belt South, toward urban areas where they built institutions