Therefore when people in e europe rescued they were

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therefore, when people in E Europe rescued, they were risking not only themselves but their families lives · Punishment was generally less severe in W Europe · Yad Vashem in Jersualem created a group called Righteous Among the Nations- people who assisted Jews with no financial motivation or payback whatsoever · Key forms of assistance- hiding Jews in their own homes/on their property o In eastern Europe, provisions for hiding were much more difficult · If the rescuers were poor, they faced a very challenging situation financially · Hid in cemeteries, sewers, and animal cages in zoos · Depending on the physiognomy of a person, they would use forged papers and would circulate with false papers · In Warsaw alone, 20,000 Jews hid and many had false documents · Sometimes rescuers were involved with forging papers, and pastors were also involved in making false baptismal documents · Facilitating or helping to pay for/coordinate the smuggling of Jews out of dangerous areas · What motivated people to rescue? o Personal relationships o Like-minded members of a community o Sense of moral obligations o Sense of religious obligation o Monetary gains o Individuals with a history of persecution (marginalization) o Family upbringing o Other Nazi targets o Did what they felt was right/natural · Film by Pierre Sauvage- Jew born in France in the town of Le Chambon · Denmark was defeated by the Nazis early on and surrendered because could not defeat the Nazis · Nazis had respect for the Danes b/c they were seen as Aryans and Nazis ran Denmark with benign neglect · In 1943- increasing resistance in Denmark against Nazism · Denmark represents the only occupied country that actively resisted Nazi attempt to deport Jews
· Rumors were circulating that Nazis were rounding up Jews and there was a nation-wide resistance of Danes to smuggle every Jew into Sweden · Jews leave Copenhagen and went into hiding and fled the country · Hid in hospitals, churches · Within 2 weeks, there were fisherman that hid 7200 Jews in fishing boats from Denmark into Sweden · About 8000 people in total taken to Sweden · Danish rescue effort was unique because it was nation wide · Not entirely successful – about 500 jews were rounded up and deported them to Thereisenstadt ghetto which treated inmates better than other concentration camp · Danish gov intervened with Germans and insisted on knowing how their citizens were doing in the ghetto · In denmark there was a haven willing to accept Jews, if people wanted to save them there was a way to do so · Denmark was not a country that was central in the war · Denmark had a small jewish population · Danes viewed Jews as equal citizens of a different faith and an attack on Jews was seen as an attack on Denmark · Italy was anti-Nazi and surrenders to the allies, but Jews were seen as equal citizens and Italians helped save Jews · Until Italy surrendered to the allies it was allied with Germany · Many Italians disliked the racial laws and racial superiority of the Nazis May 1, 2014 · Section 1 of the final is noncumultive ·

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