com 2018 1214 Motivator Hygiene Theory Frederick Herzberg developed the

Com 2018 1214 motivator hygiene theory frederick

This preview shows page 71 - 73 out of 106 pages.

them (MindTools.com, 2018). 12.1.4 Motivator – Hygiene Theory Frederick Herzberg developed the motivator-hygiene theory. This theory is closely related to Maslow's hierarchy of needs but relates more specifically, to how individuals are motivated in the workplace. Based on his research, Herzberg argued that meeting the lower-level needs (hygiene factors) of individuals would not motivate them to exert effort, but would only prevent them from being dissatisfied. Only if higher-level needs (motivators) were met would individuals be motivated (Onlinelibrary.com, n.d). The implication for managers of the motivator-hygiene theory is that meeting employees lower-level needs by improving pay, benefits, safety, and other job-contextual factors will prevent employees from becoming actively dissatisfied but will not motivate them to exert additional effort toward better performance. To motivate workers, according to the theory, managers must focus on changing the intrinsic nature and content of jobs themselves by "enriching" them to increase employees' autonomy and their opportunities to take on additional responsibility, gain recognition, and develop their skills and careers (Onlinelibrary.com, n.d). 12.2 Process Theories Process (or intellectual) theories of motivation center on cognizant human choice processes as a clarification of motivation. The process theories are concerned about deciding how singular conduct is empowered, coordinated, and kept up in the particularly willed and self-coordinated human psychological processes. Process theories of motivation depend on early subjective theories, which set that conduct is the aftereffect of cognizant basic leadership processes. The major process theories of motivation are expectancy theory, equity theory, goal-setting theory, and reinforcement theory (Onlinelibrary.com, n.d). Enura Indula (COL/A - 060329) Professional Practices Assigment - 1 12
Image of page 71
12.2.1 Expectancy Theory In the mid-1960s, Victor Vroom connected ideas of social research led in the 1930s by Kurt Lewin and Edward Tolman straightforwardly to work motivation. Fundamentally, Vroom proposed that people pick work practices that they trust prompt results they esteem. In choosing how much push to put into a work conduct, people are probably going to consider: Their hope, which means how much they trust that advancing exertion, will prompt a given level of execution. Their instrumentality or how much they trust that a given level of execution will bring about specific results or rewards. Their valence, which is the degree to which the normal results are alluring or ugly. Every one of the three of these variables are required to impact motivation in a multiplicative manner so that for a person to be profoundly energetic, each of the three of the segments of the hope demonstrates must be high. Furthermore, if even one of these is zero (e.g., instrumentality and valence are high, however, hope is totally truant), the individual will have not a motivation for the undertaking. In this way, supervisors should endeavor, to the degree conceivable, to guarantee that their workers trust that expanded exertion will enhance execution and that execution will prompt esteemed prizes (MindTools.com, n.d).
Image of page 72
Image of page 73

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 106 pages?

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Stuck? We have tutors online 24/7 who can help you get unstuck.
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors You can ask You can ask You can ask (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
A+ icon
Ask Expert Tutors