Tackling social exclusions this is an additional

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protection to the very poorest and develop multilingual and multicultural policies. Tackling social exclusions - This is an additional barriers to girl’s school admission. On the basis of caste, ethnicity religion or disability certain groups of girl child are more likely to be excluded from school. In Nepal Dalit higher as girls are almost twice as likely to be excluded from school as higher as caste girls. In Malawi Muslim girls are most likely to be excluded than their non-Muslimcounterpart’s .disabledchildren, and among them disbanded girls in particular constitute a significant group that is denied success to education. In a recent World Bank report
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it’s estimated that only about 1.5% of all disabled children and young people attend schools in developing countries. At the world conference on special education in need in Salamanca, 92countries and 25 internationalorganizations committed themselves to providing educational opportunities for disabled people. The challenge is to support governments to act on this commitment and provide quality education for excluded groups. InIndia we have worked with the government to address social exclusion in the government of India’s (SSA) Educating girls is costly for families - The academia and education of girls is seen as economically and sociallycostly to parents. Costs come in four forms ; tuition fee and other direct school fees; indirect fees such as PTA fees ‘ teachers levis and fees for school construction and building; indirect cost such as transportation and uniforms; and opportunity cost(such as lost house hold or paid labor.) These costs have a significant impact on whether and which children are educated. Educating girls can incur extra direct costs, such as special transport or chaperones for safety and “decency”. An education may actually reduce girl’s marriage prospects and raise dowry payments to unaffordable levels. Investing in sons rather than daughters is perceived as bringing higher financial returns for families as boys are more likely to find work and be paid a higher salary The biggest deterrent to families educating their daughters is the high cost of education. Many countries have removedtuition fees or are working toward their removal something which has led to dramatic increase in enrolment. But this removal of tuition fees has increased cost of education for governments given that teacher’s salaries are the single biggest cost in education budgets, it represents a highburden.
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Mostgovernments have increased both their educational budget and the share that allocated to primary education to finance this extra cost. But the hurdle remains to find enough capital money to sustain an education of sufficient quality, while simultaneously reducing other cost that prevent children from poor families especially girls, from enrolling.
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  • Summer '11
  • george
  • Economics, Secondary education, basic education, Madrasah

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