Leaders support followers to: Try new approaches Develop innovative ways of dealing with organizational issues 4. Individualized consideration Leaders provide supportive climate in which they listen carefully to the individual needs of followers Leaders act as coaches and advisors encouraging self-actualization Another transformational perspective o Kouzes & Pozner (1987, 2002) 1. Model the way Exemplary leaders set a personal example for others by their own behaviour 2. Inspire a shared vision Effective leaders inspire visions that challenge others to transcend the status quo to do something for others 3. Challenge the process Leaders are like pioneers—willing to innovate, grow, take risks and improve 4. Enable others to act Leaders create environment where people can feel good about their work and how it contributes to greater community 5. Encourage the heart Leaders use authentic celebrations and rituals to show appreciation and encouragement to others Beenis and Nanus o Identified 4 common strategies used by leaders in transforming organizations 1. Transforming leaders has a clear vision of the future state of their organization 2. Transforming leaders were social architects for their organizations created shape/form for the shared meaning ppl maintained within their organizations 3. Transforming leaders created trust in their organization by making their own positions clearly known and then standing by them 4. Transforming leaders used creative deployment of self through positive self-regard Laissez-Faire o Represents absence of leadership o Leader takes a hands off, let things ride approach. How does the transformational approach work? o It describes how leaders can initiate, develop and carry out significant changes in organizations o To create change, transformational leaders become strong role models for their followers o They have highly developed set of moral values and self-determined sense of identify Strengths
1. Transformational leadership has been widely researched from many different perspectives, including a series of qualitative studies of prominent leaders and CEO’s in large, well-known organizations 2. Transformational leadership has intuitive appeal 3. Provides a broader view of leadership that augments other leadership models 4. Places strong emphasis on followers needs, values, and morals 5. Substantial evidence that transformational leadership is an effective form of leadership Weakness 1. Lacks conceptual clarity—covers such a wide range of activities and characterises – it’s difficult to define exactly parameters of transformational leadership 2. Revolves around how its measured 3. Treats leadership as a personality trait or personal predisposition rather than a behaviour that ppl can learn 4. Researchers have not established that transformational leaders are actually able to transform individual and organizations 5. Its elitist and antidemocratic 6. Suffers from a heroic leadership bias 7.
- Fall '13