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False30.The primary reason to use a transfer test to assess learning is to evaluate which of the following performance characteristics associated with the learning of a motor skill?Adaptability32.According to Fitts and Posner, the learner moves through three stages when learning a motor skill. These are the cognitive, the associative, and theautonomous.33.Gentile’s learning stages model indicates that in the first stage of learning, the learner must learn todiscriminate between which two types of environmental context conditions ?34.Gentile’s learning stages model indicates that in the second stage of learning, one goal of the learner is related specifically to closed skills. This goal is calledfixation.35.When a person who is learning handwriting moves the three arm segments as if two of the segments were one, this person demonstrates an early learning characteristic known as freezing degrees of freedom.36.Performing a skill with a minimum expenditure of energy is usually associated with which stage oflearning?37.The brain areas that are active during the early stage of learning are typically not the same as the areas active in the later stages of learning.
KIN 315Fall 2009438. Which of the following is the best definition of the “power law of practice”?early practice improvements are larger than later practice improvements39. Which of the following is most characteristic of expertmotor skill performers?know more about the activity than nonexperts40.The general rule of thumb for predicting positive transfer between two motor skills is that the degree of positive transfer is related to thedegree of similarity between the parts of the two skills.41.The transfer-appropriate-processing theory accounts for why positive transfer occurs by stating thatpositive transfer is due to the similarity of thecognitive processes required by two motor skills.42.The generally accepted view about the direction of bilateral transfer between two limbs is that it isasymmetric.43.The amount of bilateral transfer from the preferred to the non-preferred limb is greater than from the non-preferred to the preferred limb.True44.Bilateral transfer can be related to the concept of the generalized motor program (GMP) because muscle selection in performing a skill isa parameter of the GMP.45.One of the reasons for negative transfer is the initial cognitive confusion that occurs when a personmust make a different movement in a familiar environmental context.True
KIN 315Fall 20095PART II: SHORT ANSWERAnswer each question as accurately and concisely as possible. If you need more space, continue on the back of the page. Each question is worth five points.