38.In the Marxian framework, the __________ comprises those who own and control the means of production. a.bourgeoisieb.working classc.proletariat classd.laissez-faireclassAnswer: a Page: 13 LO: 3 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Pickup 39.Marx termed the tools, land, factories, and money for investment that form the economic basis of a society the __________. a Page: 13 LO: 3 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: Modified 40.Tom works on the assembly line at the local Ford automobile factory. According to Marx, Tom would be considered a member of the __________ because he does not own the means of production. c Page: 13 LO: 3 TYPE: Applied SOURCE: Pickup 41.Marx argued that when workers are paid less than the value of their labor, this exploitation results in __________, a feeling of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself. b Page: 13 LO: 3 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: New 42.Some of Marx’s critics have argued that he focused too heavily on the impact of _____. a.classb.genderc.race-ethnicityd.stability and order
Chapter 1 Answer: a Page: 13 LO: 3 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: New 43.Unlike others who believed that values could not be separated from the research process, German social scientist __________ emphasized that sociology should be value free—conducted in a scientific manner to exclude the researcher’s personal values and economic interests. b Page: 13 LO: 4 TYPE: Factual SOURCE: Pickup 44.Which of these concepts is most comparable to the contemporary concept of the sociological imagination? a Page: 13 LO: 4 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: New 45.Which of these is notpart of the theoretical contributions of Max Weber? c Page: 14 LO: 4 TYPE: Conceptual SOURCE: New 46.German sociologist Georg Simmel analyzed how social interactions vary depending on the__________. He concluded that interaction patterns differed between a dyad and a triad. a.sex of the social groupb.size of the social groupc.social class of the social groupd.race of the social groupAnswer: b Page: 14 LO: 4 TYPE: Factual SOURCE: Pickup
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