Own knowledge The Soviet Union started some propaganda against the Marshall

Own knowledge the soviet union started some

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Own knowledge: - The Soviet Union started some propaganda against the Marshall Plan, accusing it as “dollar imperialism”, i.e. an attempt of building American economic hegemony across Europe. - The Soviet Union discouraged communist countries in eastern Europe from receiving aid through the Marshall Plan. Later, it even offered its alternative Molotov Plan to eastern European countries. [max. 2] [max. 4] (c) Impact of the response of the Soviet Union on European economic development in the 1950s and 1960s [7 marks] L1 general answer covering only part of the given period/geographical area, and/or without due reference to the Source/own knowledge L2 comprehensive answer covering the whole given period/geographical area, with due reference to the Source and own knowledge [max. 4] [max. 7] 111
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Impact : - The US claim of her purpose in starting the Marshall Plan in Source B led to a strong response from the USSR in Source C. The key issue was whether Joseph Stalin in the cartoon could block the basketball “Marshall Plan” from hitting the target of “European recovery”. (Source C) - USSR successfully banned eastern European states from accepting the Marshall Plan, thus depriving them of prosperous economic growth. Because of this, eastern European states remained poor and backward, and lagged far behind western Europe throughout the 1960s. - However, it could not obstruct the acceptance of Marshall Plan by western European states, which therefore underwent successful economic recovery in the 1950s and considerable growth in the 1960s. Their economic performance greatly surpassed that of eastern European states. 112
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3. Study Sources D and E. SOURCE D The following extract is adapted from the ‘Marshall Plan’ speech of 5 June 1947. The truth of the matter is that Europe's requirements for the next three or four years of foreign food and other essential products - principally from America - are so much greater than her present ability to pay that she must have substantial additional help or face economic, social, and political deterioration of a very grave character. George Marshall, 5 June 1947 Source: “The ‘Marshall Plan’ speech at Harvard University, 5 June 1947 – OECD website” ( ) (Accessed on 14 March 2014). SOURCE E The following cartoon is taken from a British magazine dated June 18 1947. S ource: “The Rival Buses – Punch Cartoon Prints from Punch Magazine website” ( ? &_bqG=3&_bqH=eJxtkFtPxCAQhX_N9mVfurq4SRMeKIPNuC2YAZr0iVRt9uJGE.sl8dcLzUYbdR6G75zhQGC13myvHj6FFZeUb 3asfHbVY93n1H4U6.KC5cUqj1VgACu52w9LOrz3p2X5Ng5jhsGCcGrByqZZMOAzAyAZADOri5XMtEZb_Y6qv1H1f1Si66bLXB wnkMZrR11Aa5I0hErHGRqdJNpAqlbCKjjL27m2hhwnobfZ9MogNPDXyN4qCgjcpx843hwPjO6eTriLoxbJeVEHUSktu7QpC7IMG A.O0TP6b6TrH2wSCun4OPQv9_usndLV1GXqXymhc2A-&GI_ID (Accessed on 12 March 2014).
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