The Bourbon Kings II - Louis XIV 1688-1715.ppt

Louis xiv 1688 1715 britain and holland are both

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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 Britain and Holland are both granted commercial privileges, and Britain is allowed to provide 4800 African slaves each year for the Spanish colonies in America. In the so-called Barrier Treaties the Dutch win a confirmation of their right to maintain a line of fortresses along the southern frontier of the Spanish Netherlands - as a protection against French expansion.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 In the treaties agreed with the emperor Charles VI in 1714 (initially at Rastatt, later confirmed at Baden), the Spanish Netherlands become the Austrian Netherlands. This part of the Spanish inheritance, together with Spanish territories in northern Italy, is ceded to Charles even though he is now emperor.
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Louis XIV, : 1688-1715 These settlements, representing a major adjustment of Europe's internal balance, hold good until the next upheaval in the Napoleonic period (1800-1815). In the interim the great powers continue to vie with each other, and there are minor adjustments (within Italy, and between Austria and Prussia). But the real rivalry for the rest of the century is overseas , in Europe's competing empires.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 Territorially, France emerged larger and more secure from Louis XIV's reign, acquiring most notably Roussillon (1659), Franche-Comté (1674), and Alsace (1648 and 1678), as well as establishing serious colonies and trading posts in the Americas and western Africa.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 Louis XIV's foreign policies had brought hundreds of thousands of deaths, but not due to a callous disregard for the fate of his own or foreign subjects. In fact, Louis was genuinely anxious to minimize casualties in warfare. But he was the most assertive and best-resourced individual in an international and cultural system that had an inbuilt tendency to resolve differences through arms, and in which its sovereign players could not afford to show too much understanding for the legitimate economic or dynastic interests of their rivals.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 As regards domestic matters , Louis XIV’s preference for religious art reflected his growing piety throughout his reign. Louis was not just a charitable Christian prince. He was also instinctively hostile to anything that smacked of the heterodox, in particular Jansenism , which, under strong Jesuit influence, he equated with rebellion.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 By the early 1680s the king's increasingly devout attitude to personal morality and worship, encouraged by his second wife, Françoise d'Aubigné, marquise de Maintenon (1635–1719), whom he married in 1683, had become allied to his fear of religious disorder as manifested by Jansenism and the Huguenots.
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Louis XIV, 1688-1715 Despite attempts by Colbert to restrain persecution of Protestants, Louis became increasingly convinced that forced conversions were effectual, an approach that culminated in the Edict of Fontainebleau in September 1685, which revoked all rights for Huguenots . Even when it became clear to ministers and generals by 1689 that this revocation had created a potentially dangerous fifth column inside France
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  • Fall '16
  • Louis XIV of France, House of Habsburg, War of the Spanish Succession, House of Bourbon, Philip V of Spain, crown. Louis XIV

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