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22.Missouri Compromise (1820) – Devised by Clay. 23.Stephen Arnold Douglas ( 1813-1861)
24.Growth of Transportation a.Homesteaders followed wagon trails westb.Dewitt Clinton petitioned New York to build a canal that connected the Great Lakes to the Hudson River, to New York. i.This was so successful that it led to the Canal Age because it connected NYC to the West and established it as the financial center of the nation. ii.Erie Canal opened up unsettled land in northern Ohio, Indiana and Ohioiii.Canal Boom ended with the rise of the Railroad because railroads could operate year round. c.The National Road (or Cumberland Road) was the first major improved highway to be built by the federal government.i.Started in Cumberland, Maryland and ended in Wheeling, West Virginia. (1818)25.Railroads and their Impacts 26.Technological Advancesa.In 1807, Robert Fulton sailed the first commercially viable steamboat, the Clermont, from New York City to Albany.b.In 1831, Cyrus McCormick invented a horse-drawn reaper to harvest grain. i.Improved productivity by 500%c.In 1837, John Deere made the first commercially successful riding plow.d.Samuel F.B. Morse invented the electric telegraph and Morse Code.e.In 1844, Charles Goodyear received a patent for developing a method of treating rubber,called vulcanization, which made it strong and supple when hot or cold.f.Eli Whitney’s milling machine allowed workers to cut metal objects in an identical fashion, making interchangeable parts. i.Start of mass production. ii.Also made the cotton gin therefore expanding slavery. g.Elias Howe used it to make the first workable sewing machine in 1846.27.British- American Convention (1818) a.An international treaty signed in 1818 between the United States and the United Kingdom that resolved standing boundary issues between the two nations. i.The two nations agreed to a boundary line involving the 49th parallel north, in part because a straight-line boundary would be easier to survey than the pre-existing boundaries based on watersheds.