This is followed by the varying degrees of strength

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necessity) between the premises and the conclusion. This is followed by the varying degrees of  strength in inductive arguments with the most worthless having the weakest link (if any) between the  premises and the conclusion. At this juncture, we can therefore formulate a more technical definition of logic Logic is the study of the strength of the Evidential link between the premises And conclusions of arguments. Definition of Key words: Logic: The study of the strength of the evidential link between the  Premises and conclusions of arguments. Statement: Any declarative sentences which can either be True or False.
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Validity: The underlying structure of an argument that guarantees that if  its premises are all true, then its conclusion is also true. Argument: A group of statements such that one of them is considered to be the conclusion and the  others are considered to be the premises Soundness: The quality of an argument which has both validity and true premises. Required Reading: Wambari, K. (ed.) (1992), Readings in Introduction to Critical Thinking, Kijabe; A.I.C. Printing Press. Recommended further reading Sdyrms B. (1966) Choice and Chance: An Introduction to Inductive Logic, Belmont, California:  Dickenson Publishing Company. THE GENERAL AND THE SPECIFIC At this juncture, I would like to draw your attention to one of the most widespread and misleading  conceptions in logic. It is the simplistic contention that the distinction between deductive and  inductive arguments depends on whether they proceed from general or specific statements. According to this view, a deductive argument is definable as an argument that proceeds from  general premises to specific conclusion so if we take a valid deductive argument like
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All men are mortal Socrates is a man Socrates is mortal We notice that the first premise makes a general claim about all men and the conclusion makes a  claim about a specific man, namely, Socrates. On the other hand, an inductive argument is defined as one that proceeds from the specific premise  to the general conclusion. For example: Water from Lake Victoria boiled at 1000C Water from Lake Turkana " " Water from the rainfall " " Water from Indian Ocean " " Water from River Nile " " Therefore, water boils at 1000C. We notice that the premises make claims about water from specific sources and the conclusion  makes a claim about water in general, irrespective of its source. These examples can easily lend  credence to this misconception about deductive and inductive arguments. In the previous section we did demonstrate that deductive and inductive arguments are not two types (except for analytical  purposes). Instead, they constitute a continuous range of degrees of strength of link between the  premises and the conclusion.
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