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To exemplify how movement problem are solved consider

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To exemplify how movement problem are solved, consider our case, Joan, as sheattempts to don a shirt while sitting at the edge of the bed. To be successful, she mustlearn how to solve this motor problem with the constraints imposed by her brain injury. ASystems model of control suggests multiple factors, both internal and external to Joan,need consideration when she performs this functional movement. Internal factors mayinclude strength, flexibility, coordination, pain level, motivation, cognition, autonomicfunction, and sitting balance at a minimum. External factors may include the type of shirt,firmness of the bed, the type of floor surface, the availability of assistive devices, andoutside distractions. In order to complete the task of upper body dressing all availablesystems must work together to produce a single strategy.SummarySystems modelsMotor control theories provide a framework to guide the interpretation of how learning orre-learning movement occurs.Example:playing basketball in a rocky place could affects your performance in doing dribbling.ACTIVITY-In a form of a quiz (indicate the type of activity)Republic of the PhilippinesTacloban City
Subject:Principles of Motor Control and Learning, Exercise, Sports and DanceTopic:Adams Close Loop TheoryDiscussant:John Paul T. Ecija and Josephine RamosInstructor:Asyhl Ayn V. AmancioSchedule:WF 10:30-12:00Objectives:At the end of the session the students will be able to;1.Explain Adams Close Loop Theory2.Learn and understand the levels onhow the different skills are controlled by thebrain.ContentAdams Closed Loop TheoryA cognitive theory of skill acquisition which emphasizes the role played by feedback inthe modification of the performers movements. The theory proposed by J. A. Adams hastwo neural components:Memory TraceSelects and initiates an appropriate response.Perceptual TraceActs as a record of the movement made over many practices.The Open/Close Loop Theory explains how different skills are controlled by the brain.This is done through three levels.LEVEL 1LEVEL 2LEVEL 3Level 1.OPEN LOOPThe control does not use feedback.oNo conscious thought is involved in the execution of the skill as the decisionshave already been made in the brain.oAll information is sent in one message to the working muscles.oSkills cannot be altered during execution.oExplains control for fast movements where there is a little or no time to react.oExamples, golf swing and throwing a dart.Level 2.CLOSE LOOPInvolves feedback which is sometimes termed the perceptual trace.oThe feedback is internal and gathered through proprioception and kinesthesis.oThe feedback loop is short.oControl via muscles not brain.oSkill can be altered by performer during execution as a result of feedback asdecisions are made in the brain during the performance.

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Term
Winter
Professor
Sabela
Tags
Motor control, EASTERN VISAYAS STATE UNIVERSITY, Ms Asyhl Ayn V Amancio

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