The goal of non violent crime is to get money or

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The goal of non-violent crime is to get money or property. Two types of business crime: committed by corporations in their own interest, committed by people in their own personal interest. Technology and globalization are effecting crime. Routine activity theory: says that crime depends mainly on opportunities, and opportunities are created by patterns. Hot spots: where crime normally takes place. Suitable targets: people who appear powerless. Lifestyle theory says that crime depends on a person’s lifestyle. Victim precipitation theory says people are involved in their own victimization. Adam Smith notes that we do not punish people to force them to do good, only for acts of real or intended harm. We force them to obey the rules of justice or else society would not survive. Five traditional purposes of punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, restoring everyone to a healthy state, and incapacitating people. Clemmer says that by nature prisons degrade people and take away their rights. And because of this prisoners learn prison subculture African Americans and Aboriginals are overrepresented in jails. Week 9 Starting Points chapter 14 Chapter Outline Mass Media: the technology that makes mass communication possible; including the press, radio, etc. Mass Communication: the transmission of a message from a single source to multiple recipients at the same time. Traditional mass media is still important because we haven’t figured out how to deal with all the information property issues a complete changeover would require. We must realize how the mass media influence our beliefs, tastes and opinions and how this influence affects our social life. People rely on the media not only for to gather information, but also to remain connected with others around the world. Ways of looking at…MASS MEDIA Functionalism is interested in the way that the mass media are organized and how this organization contributes to social equilibrium or stability. (Aka) The role of media as a mechanism for informing, socializing, and educating the population, especially evident in the treatment of media in developing countries. Media literacy and mass media are important factors in ‘modernization’. As people consume more mass media, they become more knowledgeable about the world and cultural variety. Because of this they demand an open, democratic society. So media consumption brings about social change. 30
Ex: Soviet society exploded because they knew about the Western alternative and wanted it. In a global society it is unlikely that anyone will, for long, remain unaware/unaffected by Hollywood dream factory and American consumerism. Marshall McLuhan said that ‘the medium is the message’. Information flow by itself increases the appetite for more information; and more info seems to increase interest in variety and debate. Critical Theorists are interested in the ways powerful groups in society use the media they own or control to further organizational and class interest.

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