The goal of non-violent crime is to get money or property.
Two types of business crime: committed by corporations in their own interest, committed
by people in their own personal interest.
Technology and globalization are effecting crime.
Routine activity theory: says that crime depends mainly on opportunities, and
opportunities are created by patterns. Hot spots: where crime normally takes place.
Suitable targets: people who appear powerless.
Lifestyle theory says that crime depends on a person’s lifestyle. Victim precipitation
theory says people are involved in their own victimization.
Adam Smith notes that we do not punish people to force them to do good, only for acts of
real or intended harm. We force them to obey the rules of justice or else society would not
Five traditional purposes of punishment: retribution, deterrence, rehabilitation, restoring
everyone to a healthy state, and incapacitating people.
Clemmer says that by nature prisons degrade people and take away their rights. And
because of this prisoners learn prison subculture
African Americans and Aboriginals are overrepresented in jails.
Starting Points chapter 14
Mass Media: the technology that makes mass communication possible; including the
press, radio, etc.
Mass Communication: the transmission of a message from a single source to multiple
recipients at the same time.
Traditional mass media is still important because we haven’t figured out how to deal with
all the information property issues a complete changeover would require.
We must realize how the mass media influence our beliefs, tastes and opinions and how
this influence affects our social life.
People rely on the media not only for to gather information, but also to remain connected
with others around the world.
Ways of looking at…MASS MEDIA
is interested in the way that the mass media are organized and how this
organization contributes to social equilibrium or stability. (Aka) The role of media as a
mechanism for informing, socializing, and educating the population, especially evident in
the treatment of media in developing countries.
Media literacy and mass media are important factors in ‘modernization’. As people
consume more mass media, they become more knowledgeable about the world and
cultural variety. Because of this they demand an open, democratic society. So media
consumption brings about social change.