Matrix management violates the management principle of unity of command. Project workers have at least two bosses, their functional heads and the project manager.
Mixed Organizational Systems Divisionalization is a means of dividing a large organization into smaller more flexible units This enables the parent organization to capture some of the advantages of small, specialized organizational units while retaining some of the advantages that come with larger size units
Mixed Organizational Systems Pure functional and pure project organizations may coexist in a firm
Mixed Organizational Systems Advantages of a mixed organization: The hybridization of the mixed form leads to flexibility The firm is able to meet special problems by appropriate adaptation of its organizational structure Disadvantages include: Dissimilar groupings within the same accountability center tend to encourage overlap, duplication, and friction because of incompatibility of interests Conditions still exist that result in conflict between functional and project managers
Choosing an Organizational Form Selecting the organizational interface between the project and the firm is a difficult task The choice is determined by the situation, but is also partly intuitive Must consider the nature of the potential project, the characteristics of the various organization options, the advantages and disadvantages of each, the cultural preferences of the parent organization, and then make the best compromise that can be made
Choosing an Organizational Form Criteria for the selection of a project organization: 1. Define the project with a statement of the objective(s) that identifies the major outcomes desired 2. Determine the key tasks associated with each objective and locate the units in the parent organization that serve as functional “homes” for these types of tasks 3. Arrange the key tasks by sequence and decompose them into work packages
Choosing an Organizational Form Criteria for the selection of a project organization ( cont’d…): 4. Determine which organizational units are required to carry out the work packages and which units will work particularly closely with which others 5. List any special characteristics or assumptions associated with the project 6. In light of items 1-5, and with full recognition of the pros and cons associated with each structural form, choose a structure
The Project Team To staff a project, the project manager works from a forecast of personnel needs over the life cycle of the project A work breakdown structure (WBS) is prepared to determine the exact nature of the tasks required to complete the project Skills requirements for these tasks are assessed and like skills are aggregated to determine work force needs From this base, the functional departments are contacted to locate individuals who can meet these needs Certain tasks may be subcontracted
The Project Team There are some people who are more critical to the
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- Fall '16
- saqib rehmani
- Project Management, project manager, Project team, Project Organization