Unit Seven Self-Assessment Questions.docx

Including a greater percentage of seafood in the diet

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Including a greater percentage of seafood in the diet b. Consuming less salt c. Eating more fruits and vegetables d. Using a vitamin supplement 4) Iron in red blood cells is part of the a. Cytochromes b. Hemoglobin c. Myoglobin d. Plasma 5) Iron is swiftly depleted from the body by a. Weight loss b. Energetic exercise c. Inactivity d. Blood loss 6) Most of the calcium and phosphorous in the body is in the a. Blood b. Bones and teeth c. Liver d. Muscle tissue 7) People with high blood pressure are usually told to restrict intake of a. Ca 2+ b. Mg 2+ c. Na + d. SO 4 2-
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Unit Seven Test on April 28, 2017 8) The fat-soluble vitamins are vitamins A, D, E, and a. B 12 b. Folic acid c. Ascorbic acid d. Vitamin K 9) Eating foods high in fiber a. Can cause constipation b. Helps build muscle c. Helps to fill you up d. Provides quick energy Section Five 1) During fasting or starvation, glycogen stores are depleted in about a. 1 hour b. 1 day c. 1 week d. 1 month 2) After glycogen stores are depleted, the body draws on its reserves of a. Amino acids b. Fat c. Glycogen d. Protein 3) When fat reserves have been used up, the body uses for its energy source a. Adipose tissue b. Amino acid reserves c. Glycogen stores d. Structural proteins 4) The average family in the United States spends what portion of its food budget on fresh fruits and vegetables, meats, and dairy products? a. 10% b. 25% c. 50% d. 90% Section Six 1) Compounds that taste sweet to most people include all the following except a. Xylitol b. Neotame c. Saccharin d. MSG 2) Artificial vanilla a. Contains exactly the same vanilla molecule as in natural vanilla b. Contains a molecule different from vanilla but tastes similar to it c. Contains every type of molecule found in natural vanilla d. Is enhanced by sugar added to it
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Unit Seven Test on April 28, 2017 3) Organic molecules called esters are a. Found in every spice b. Sour or bitter flavorings in food c. Unique molecules found in highly aromatic and unique pant seeds or bark d. Often found in vitamin supplements 4) Artificial sweeteners include all of the following except a. Sucralose b. Stevia c. Cyclamate d. Saccharin 5) MSG a. Is safe to consume in an amount b. Is the sodium salt of an amino acid c. Is a sweetener with a structure similar to sucrose d. Is safe to consume by those who wish to lower their blood pressure Section Seven 1) To use a new food additive, a company must a. Notify the FDA that it plans to use the additive b. Pay the FDA to test the additive for safety c. Provide the FDA with evidence that the additive is safe for the intended use d. Submit an application to the FDA, but does not have to prove it safe and effective 2) The food additive that inhibits reproduction of botulism-causing bacteria in processed meats, such as bologna, ham, and bacon, is a. Sodium benzoate b. Sodium ascorbate c. Sodium sorbate d. Sodium nitrate 3) Calcium propionate is added to bread to a. Act as an antioxidant b. Enhance the flavor c. Inhibit mold growth d. Replace Ca 2+ lost in processing 4) Antioxidants a. Aid in lipid transport b. Aid in oxygen transport c. Prevent color fading d.
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