How was child maltreatment measured prospectively How was child maltreatment

How was child maltreatment measured prospectively how

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How was child maltreatment measured prospectively ? How was child maltreatment measured retrospectively ? Prospective measure: Prospective identification was measured through the gathering of information from participants and their caregivers. Interviews were conducted about CPS involvement, looking at medical records and observations.
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However, on top of these evaluations, prospective identification of child maltreatment required corroboration from another reporter, such as a parent pr teacher. Retrospective measure: retrospective identification was measured through the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). The interview elicits information about childhood experiences, specifically maltreatment. The interview allows for potential disclosure of abusive or neglectful experiences that may not have been perceived or labeled by the participant as maltreatment. In example, a participant may share that as a preschooler they babysat their younger siblings because their parents were absent from the home, indicating potential neglect. Note the interview was not specifically designed to measure retrospective reported maltreatment, but included questions about injury, illness, loss and some specific questions about maltreatment. Which of the groups (retrospective only, prospective only, or combined) showed the worst behavioral/emotional outcomes? Combined What is the authors’ recommendation on the best approach for measuring child maltreatment? The authors recommend the use of combined measurements; both prospective and retrospective. **NICOLE** Zeanah, C. H., Nelson, C. A., Fox, N. A., Smyke, A. T., Marshall, P., … Koga, S. (2003). Designing research to study the effects of institutionalization on brain and behavioral development: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Development and Psychopathology, 15 , 885-907. In general, what type of research design is the BEIP project? The BEIP is a longitudinal study. It is randomized as well as controlled, and studies the effects of intervention on early deprivation particularly institutionalization What are some of the ethical considerations that were taken into account when designing the study? The foremost consideration was making sure to not only focus on the scientific aims but to try to improve conditions for the participants. A second was to create an intervention that would remain even after the research was concluded, not just figure out a quick fix. This meant establishing a model of parenting that was culturally appropriate to Romania. Agreements with local authorities that no child would have to return to institutionalization were put into place. Randomization was done ethically by including a group of institutionalized children that had no other option available to them but a pledge made that there would be no interference if an opportunity for a family setting presented itself throughout the study. The final ethical dilemma was the economic disparity of salaries in U.S. and Romania. Find a balance between paying individuals fairly but not so much it could be considered coercion.
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  • Spring '19
  • Physical abuse, Psychological abuse, Neglect

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