Of the defenders and the crimes of the victors

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of the defenders and the crimes of the victors Economic policies of the new republican regime (p. 239) o Marked by pressures from different quarters Planters: demanded subsidies and credits to enable them to  convert to the new wage system Urban capitalists: protective tariffs, the construction of an  economic infrastructure, and policies favorable to capital  formation Military: increased appropriations for the armed services o To appease these requests, the gov’t resorted to the printing press and  allowed private banks to issue notes backed by little more than faith in  the future of Brazil Resulted in economic collapse and a military coup which saw  Marshal Floriano Peixoto take over for President da Fonseca Federal Republican Party (p. 240) o Marked by a support for federalism and fiscal responsibility o Made up of old planter oligharcies o Elected Prudente de Morais president in 1894 Institutionalized the domination of the coffee interests Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales (p. 240) o Morais’s successor o Endorsed the internal economic division of labor in Brazil o Reduced expenditures on public works, increased taxes, and made  every effort to redeem Brazil’s paper money to improve international  credit and secure new loans to cover shortfalls in gov’t revenues o Valorization scheme Favored the coffee-raising states at the expense of the rest and  reflected the coffee planters’ political domination Sa õ  Paulo and Minas Gerais had a virtual monopoly of federal  politics and the choice of presidents
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Brazilian Labor Confederation (p. 241) o First national trade union organization History of Latin America (pp. 364-376) Economic impacts of World War I on Brazil (p. 364) o Weakened British capitalism and strengthened the North American  challenge to British financial and commercial preeminence in Brazil o Virtual cessation of imports of manufactured goods gave a strong  stimulus to Brazilian industrialization Doubled its industrial production during the war and the number  of enterprises grew 5,940 between 1915 and 1918 1917: first general strike in Brazilian history (p. 365) o Organized by women weavers who demanded 20% wage increase,  more “respect” from male supervisors, improved working conditions  and a promise that “in everything there should be reason and justice” Samba (p. 365) o
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  • Spring '12
  • ThomasKlubock
  • Minas Gerais, Brazilian Communist Party, Brazilian Labor Confederation, Brazilian art world, indigenous Brazilian culture

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