new national public policies on youth analyzing young single people situations

New national public policies on youth analyzing young

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debate on adolescence that has now been taken up by international and national institutions (cf. new national public policies on youth), analyzing young single people, situations of exclusion in rural and urban areas, urban sociability and the possible link with violence. It would be particularly worthwhile better documenting the link between the “crisis generation” that experienced the political and ethnic conflict, as well as the peak of the AIDS epidemic, and the issue of sexuality. 3
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2. Households, kinship, care, and changing family systems and models This is a core subject, as it concerns the ability of households or domestic units (e.g. extended families) undergoing crisis or modernization, as well as alternative forms of group accommodation, such as small hostels and shared flats or houses, to provide care for vulnerable and “precarious” children. It also encompasses the new roles being taken on by new household heads (e.g. women and grandparents), as well as the ability of relatives and the community as a whole to support households, and the degree to which both new and old family models can adapt to caring for these children. There are two competing or complementary visions of what is a very complex reality: - a positive and optimistic vision, sometimes based on a tradition of kinship care and intergenerational transfers, whereby cyclical withdrawal during atypical situations is followed by recomposition and reproduction leading to extended households, - a more critical vision (especially in Central Africa), according to which these are critical situations, with lasting and insurmountable challenges, no prospect of recomposition and the threat of losing control (e.g. domestic service). This is a particularly important debate, considering that current and planned policies, including “cash transfer” programmes, rely on the ability of households, families and, more broadly, local communities, neighbours and peers to support weakened households and take care of their vulnerable children. This second theme can be broken down into several issues. Modern and traditional households and the care of children and young people Mainly, what come to mind are the new households (one-parent families, nuclear households headed by grandparents, migrant households or households headed by a migrant, etc.) that form a large percentage of urban and rural households, especially in post-conflict situations. They have been described in terms of two contradictory yet complementary configurations. On the one hand, child vulnerability, juvenile delinquency and youth violence are often associated with critical instability, the marginalization of new households born out of conflict and the erosion of a so-called traditional ethos and family model. On the other hand, these same analyses, coupled with indicators about households headed by women, young people or grandmothers, highlight an ability to adapt and a considerable degree of resilience.
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  • Summer '16
  • Ramon Wawire

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