Similar to murals found in roman patrician homes o

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similar to murals found in roman patrician homesowalls covered in fresco and manicured gardens common motiforomans built roads that accommodated flow of merchandise into citiesobuilt landscape bound empire together, promoted higher standard of living that encouraged loyaltyoMediterranean style home: interior courtyardFamily microcosm of state, mirrored by home designoMurals showed structured gardens and not wild nature, symbolic of rome’s dominance of the worldTeotihuacanoHighly advanced cultures thrived in the Americas, no contact with European hemisphere. Produced pyramids and urban centers oRitual center in middle AmericaoPopulation 200ko6 largest city in the worldointersected by avenue of the deadopyramid of the sun, pyramid of the moon, temple of the feathered serpentopyramids aligned in cardinal point of compass, compared to great pyramidsopyramids of sun and moon incorporate centralized single axis stairways, backdrops for sacred rituals, diff from great pyramidsofeathered serpent is primary pre-columbian deityocity had diff cultural groups, zapotecs and merchants from Veracruzohouse in carefully designed, ward like sectors/neighborhoodsogrid plan, N S E and W axes 4 by 4 milesoabandoned for unknown reasonsoplace of gods by AztecsCapitoline wolfoEtruscans dominated central Italian peninsulaoLater Italian foundational story oFirst kings of romeoBronze statue of Capitoline wolf, she wolf nursed Romulus and remus, orphan twins who founded romeoShe wolf is stiff and sinewy, mouth open in communication, suckling human babies
oRepresent roman virtue of self sacrifice in service of the stateoRomulus and remus initially co-rulers, Romulus killed remus to get the throneRemus knew two kings would bring conflict to rome, offered himself as sacrifice by inciting his brother to kill him oWolf is emaciated, protruding ribs. Like remus, gives body as offering to the stateTheater at epidaurosoGreeks developed western theateroEach greek city state had one theateroSeating area = cavea, cut from sloping hilloMarble slabs situated into earth for seatingoStage/orchestra, circular area at lowest level. Actors could be viewed from any seatoRomans dominated landscape and built from ground up, greeks worked with natural terrainoGreek theater three genres: comedy, tragedy and satireLines sung, not spokenoTheater developed from sacred religious rites like devotions to bacchus, god of wineGallic chieftainoLater greek stylistic period, Hellenismrule and cultural influence of alexander the great, king of Macedoniaconsidered himself greek, civilized, cultured and heroicAristotle was his teacherSpread greek culture throughout empire, most of known western worldoHellenistic art is multinational (not from Greece), demonstrating greek influenceoHellenistic sculpture is kind, compared to earlier greek art, greater movement in postures/intense drama/emotion.

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