Al ghazali also focused on different dimensions of

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Al-Ghazali also focused on different dimensions of spiritual and physical and suggested that spiritual diseases are more serious as they result from disobedience and ignorance for God. He notes that spiritual diseases include self-centeredness, fame and status, power drunkenness, cruelty and lust. The fundamental argument underpinning all these is man is considered different from all other animals in that he has knowledge (Haque, 2004). According to El Shakry (2017), al-Ghazali through his work the Revival of the Religious Sciences emphasized on the need to guide children through their early life. This is important according to (El Shakry, 2017) because pedagogy was highly considered as an ethical foundation, and also because disciplining a child early enough enabled him/her facilitated the training of the body besides training the child’s senses. This ensured that while and a child grows up, he maintains good deeds by upholding the appropriate moral standards, practicing religiosity, and learn how to maintain a moderation in display of instincts and minimizing the pleasures of the body. In such an argument al-Ghazali provides a framework through a being can be trained from his early life to ward off evil and immoral actions. This has proved a key focus in psychoanalysis and in Islam as a religion. Therefore, al-Ghazali introduced another dimension that complimented what had first been suggested by al-Razi as spiritual physick . The discourse also provided for unification to Murad’s work as he had suggested both psychology and ethical considerations were important for a person’s health. The focuses on the child’s ethical grounds were thus, important for their psychological wellbeing later in life. El Shakry, (2017), points out that according to these three Muslim scholars, psychological illnesses at adult hood can be traced back to a point in early life of the person. For example, al-Ghazali has noted that a poor ethical family background could lead to disruptions and psychological illnesses. This means that ethics is strongly related to psychology and the former must be inculcated in an individual very early in life to avoid the danger of what al-Ghazali terms as spiritual illness which is even more serious than bodily harm. This is because while ensuring that a child develops in both senses and mental abilities, and the effort geared towards ensuring a child discovers oneself, are all rooted to ethical training. Therefore the concepts of early childhood training, ethical focus and development of senses and mental capabilities make up a whole person by integrating them into selfhood (El Shakry, 2017). The psychology of the female gender
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Gender is an important element in the development of a person in attaining the necessary role perceptive complexes (Westbrook & Schilt, 2013). Here, Murad borrowed the idea of virtue ethics largely from epicurean and Aristotelian frameworks to shed light on Freudian view on childhood development.
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  • Summer '16
  • Professor Yusuf Murad

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