many professional psychologists . . . and staff of the psychology department, all of whom watched live action videos of the study or took part in parole board hearings or spoke to participants and looked at them directly.Furthermore, ‘we ended the study earlier than planned, ended it against the wishes of the guards, who felt they finally had the situation under their control, and that there would be no more disturbance or challenge by the prisoners’. Zimbardo (2015) has stated that his study was unethical ‘because people suffered and others were allowed to inflict pain and humiliation on their fellows over an extended period of time’; all participants were exposed to ‘seeing and hearing the suffering’ of prisoners who ‘had done nothing to deserve punishment and abuse’; and ‘we did not end the study soon enough. We should have terminated it as soon as the first prisoner suffered a severe stress disorder on Day 2’.
UNIT 2How do external factors influence behaviour and mental processes?502CONSENTPrison Life StudyDr. ZimbardoAugust 1971(date) (name of volunteer)I, ___________________________________, the undersigned, hereby consent to participate as a volunteer in a prison life study research project to be conducted by the Stanford University Psychology Department.The nature of the research project has been fully explained to me, including, without limitation, the fact that paid volunteers will be randomly assigned to the roles of either “prisoners” or “guards” for the duration of the study. I understand that participation in the research project will involve a loss of privacy, that I will be expected to participate for the full duration of the study, that I will only be released from participation for reasons of health deemed adequate by the medical advisers to the research project or for other reasons deemed appropriate by Dr. Philip Zimbardo, Principal Investigator of the project, and that I will be expected to follow directions from staff members of the project or from other participants in the research project.I am submitting myself for participation in this research project with full knowledge and understanding of the nature of the research project and of what will be expected of me. I specially release the Principal Investigator and the staff members of the research project, Stanford University, its agents and employees, and the Federal Government, its agents and employees, from any liability to me arising in any way out of my participation in the project.________________________________________(signature of volunteer)Witness: _____________________________If volunteer is a minor:________________________________________(signature of person authorized to consent for volunteer)Witness: _____________________________________________________________________(relationship to volunteer)Figure 10.12 All Zimbardo’s participants signed this consent form before the experiment began.WeblinkZimbardo comments on SPE ethics
CHAPTER 10 Social influences on behaviour503BOX 10.3 Real-life prisoner abuse at Abu GhraibIn March 2003, the Iraq War commenced with the invasion of Iraq in the Middle East by a multinational force consisting mostly of American and British soldiers.
- Fall '19
- The Land, Stanford prison experiment, Milgram experiment, Dr. Philip Zimbardo