Coevolution trophic levels food chain webs dominant

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coevolution trophic levels food chain/ webs dominant species biomass invasive species ecological succession primary succession secondary succession biodiversity primary producers autotrophs primary consumers heterotrophs secondary consumers tertiary consumers detritivores (decomposers) biogeochemical cycles water cycle carbon cycle nitrogen cycle phosphorus cycle acid precipitation biological magnification greenhouse effect
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AP Biology 2012-2013 2 OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS 1. Ecology and evolution are closely intertwined. Explain how the study of ecology can illuminate evolutionary relationships. Why is ethology, the study of behavior, also considered a part of ecology? How does studying ethology help explain evolutionary relationships? 2. Put the following in order from largest to smallest: biosphere, cell, community, ecosystem, landscape, organ, organelle, organism (multicellular), population, protein, system, tissue 3. What factors can influence the dispersal and distribution of a species? Distinguish between the biotic and abiotic factors involved. Why is the actual range of a species sometimes smaller than the potential range? 4. Distinguish between macroclimate and microclimate. How do geographical features affect macroclimate? What can affect microclimate? 5. What is eutrophication of a lake? Describe how the process “kills” the lake. Many freshwater lake communities are organized along the top-down model. What actions might ecologists take if they wanted to use biomanipulation to control algal blooms and prevent eutrophication? Assume the lake has four trophic levels algae, zooplankton, primary predator fish and top predator fish. 6. Create a chart of the 8 major terrestrial biomes. Include the biome name, where it can be found, and an identifying characteristic of each biome.
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