Testify that w is untruthful rule 608a i proving

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 - testify that W is untruthful - Rule 608(a) i. PROVING TRUTHFULNESS OR UNTRUTHFULNESS.  R. 608(a) -  Credibility of W may be attacked or supported by evidence in the form of  opinion or reputation if: 1) Evidence refers only to character of truthfulness or untruthfulness, and 2) Evidence of truthful character is admissible only after the character of W for  truthfulness has been attacked by opinion or reputation evidence. ii. Usually don't allow expert opinion about credibility, e.g. psychiatrists or  psychologists.   C. SPECIFIC IMPEACHMENT   1. Prior Inconsistent Statements  (p. 628) - Rule 613 When other rules, such as R.801, allow inconsistent statement, must be used subject to R. 613. a. Examining witness - R.613(a) - When examining W about statement made by W,  does not have to be shown to or contents disclosed to W at that time.  Can be shown  to opposing counsel at request. b. Extrinsic Evidence - R.613(b) - Extrinsic evidence of prior inconsistent statement by W is not admissible unless W afforded opportunity to explain or deny same and  opposite party is afforded opportunity to interrogate W thereon, unless interests of  justice otherwise require.  This does not apply if it is an admission under R.801(d) (2). c. Rule 607 - credibility of a W may be attacked by any party, including party calling  W. 31
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i. Party calling W may attack W's credibility only if originally called in good faith.  Cannot call W and impeach with prior inconsistent statement just so jury hears  and becomes prejudiced by prior statement.  U.S. v. Webster  (p. 632) ii. Attacking W in Webster  was allowed b/c prosecution orig thought W testimony  would help but wasn't sure.  Wanted to voir dire, but ct said no. iii. Also allow impeaching of own W if W says both good and bad things.  Then just impeach on bad stuff.  This is a legitimate motive. d. IMPEACHMENT AND MIRANDA  WARNINGS i. Prior inconsistent statements given before Miranda  warning is  admissible to  impeach D, just not allowed in case-in-chief.  Harris v. New York  (p. 636).   1) Don't want Miranda  and illegal method of obtaining evidence to allow D to  lie.   2) Also unlikely that it will deter police misconduct since police will have to  guess/assume that D will go to trial, will testify, and will give inconsistent  statement. ii. If police continue to question after Miranda  even after D claims right to counsel  (even though not supposed to), can still use these statements to impeach.  (p. 642, n.4) iii. PRE-ARREST SILENCE can be used to impeach D on cross-x.  Jenkins v.  Anderson  (p. 643).  Prosecutor wanted to impeach D by suggesting that D would  have said something earlier if D had killed in self-defense.  D would not have 
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