KEY CONCEPTS Perceived Susceptibility how likely will this be a problem for ME

Key concepts perceived susceptibility how likely will

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KEY CONCEPTS Perceived Susceptibility (how likely will this be a problem for ME?) Perceived Severity (how serious is this health condition?) Perceived Benefits (what is the effectiveness of reducing the threat to this health condition?) Perceived Barriers (The negative consequences for taking action ex. Using condoms costs $$, it makes the partner potentially mad). Cues to Action Factors that motivate/remind individuals to take action Ex. when someone takes the stairs, it reminds them to workout more if doing so is hard. Self Efficacy One’s confidence in the ability to take action and the perception that successfully executing the behavior will produce the desired outcome. Transtheoretical Model Aim to move attendees CLOSER to change, not expecting huge outcomes Used in Peer Health Educator Workshops (here at Rutgers)
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This is a fluid model , where people move about certain stages of changing/implementing behavior. Precontemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance (doing behavior for at least 6 months) These are the constructs! Theory of Planned Behavior Behavior can be predicted , because it can be planned Icek Ajzen Human behavior guided by 3 BELIEFS Behavioral Normative (what we think expectations are, subjective) “what would my mother think?” This impacts whether an individual will take a health edu behavior (like getting obg exam) Control Our confidence in ourselves to engage in the behavior successfully and reach desired outcome. Social Cognitive Theory People are impacted by other people AND the physical environment How do we change the environment people are in. Think about this relationship BANDURA!
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This is Reciprocal Determinism!! “Broken Window” If nothing is done about a “bad” behavior in an environment, the behavior can increase Ex. When graffiti is not punished, it encourages more people to do it. “It can’t be bad! Looks fun” OR can be positive (increase in prevalence of rash clean up) Emotional Coping Responses Provide the skills to cope with emotions of changing The Community-Level Perspective Theories Explore methods to change the way large systems behave.
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