Educational Testing Service-TOEFL. Test and score manual (1997).pdf

Toefl policy council policies governing the toefl

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students about graduate education. TOEFL Policy Council Policies governing the TOEFL program are formu- lated by the 15-member TOEFL Policy Council. The College Board and the GRE Board each appoint three members to the Council. These six members comprise the Executive Committee and elect the remaining nine members. Some of these members-at-large are affiliated with such institutions and agencies as graduate schools, junior and community colleges, nonprofit educational exchange organizations, and other public and private agencies with interest in international education. Others are specialists in the field of English as a foreign or second language. There are six standing committees of the Council, each responsible for specific areas of program activity. Committee of Examiners The TOEFL Committee of Examiners is composed of seven specialists in linguistics, language testing, or the teaching of English as a foreign or second language. Members are rotated on a regular basis to ensure the continued introduction of new ideas and philosophies related to second language teaching and testing. The primary responsibility of this committee is to establish overall guidelines for the test content, thus assuring that the TOEFL test is a valid measure of English language proficiency reflecting current trends and methodologies in the field. The committee determines the skills to be tested, the kinds of ques- tions to be asked, and the appropriateness of the test in terms of subject matter and cultural content. Committee members review and approve the policies and specifications that govern the test content. The Committee of Examiners not only lends its own expertise to the test and the test development process but also makes suggestions for research and, on occasion, invites the collaboration of other authori- ties in the field, through invitational conferences and other activities, to contribute to the improvement of the test. The committee works with ETS test develop- ment specialists in the actual development and review of test materials. Finance Committee The TOEFL Finance Committee consists of at least four members and is responsible to the TOEFL Executive Committee. The members develop fiscal guidelines, monitor and review budgets, and provide financial analysis for the program.
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9 Research Committee An ongoing program of research related to the TOEFL program of tests is carried out under the direction of the Research Committee. Its six members include representatives of the Policy Council and the Committee of Examiners, as well as specialists from the academic community. The committee reviews and approves proposals for test-related research and sets guidelines for the entire scope of the TOEFL research program. Because the studies involved are specific to the TOEFL testing programs, most of the actual research work is conducted by ETS staff members rather than by outside researchers. However, many projects require the cooperation of consultants and other institutions, particularly those with programs in the teaching of English as a foreign or second language.
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