Partnership, Friendships, College, Religion, Political Affiliation, Exercise, Gratitude, Giving, Flow Define Motivation An energizing force that moves, directs, &/or sustains behavior. Three Components of Motivational Force 1) Direction 2) Strength/Intensity 3) Persistence Basic Motivational Theories Drive Reduction Incentive Need Drive Reduction Cycle homeostasis, deprivation, need, drive, drive-reducing behaviors, homeostasis Incentive Based Motivation Behavior based on intrinsic &/or extrinsic rewards. Potential Undermining Effect Too much extrinsic reward can lower intrinsic motivation. e.g. grades Prepotency Principle The idea within Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs that people must fulfill lowest order needs first, except self-actualization which once activated never stops. Maslow's Hierarchy
Physiological, Safety, Belongingness & Love, Esteem, Self-Actualization Sexual Motives Affiliation, Attachment, Contact Comfort, Procreation Instincts, Extrinsic Reward Kinsey's Contributions Challenged common assumptions about sexual beliefs & norms. Expanded definition of 'normal' or 'healthy.' Raised awareness about variety of sex behavior. Normalized scientific sex research. Human Sexual Response Cycle Excitement, Plateau, Orgasm, Resolution
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- Fall '12
- discrete emotions theory