in society for achievement heroism assertiveness and material rewards for

In society for achievement heroism assertiveness and

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in society for achievement, heroism, assertiveness, and material rewards for success. Society at large is more competitive. Its opposite, Femininity, stands for a preference for cooperation, modesty, caring for the weak and quality of life. Society at large is more consensus-oriented. “tough versus tender”
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. Uncertainty avoidance The degree to which the members of a society feel uncomfortable with uncertainty and ambiguity. The fundamental issue here is how a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control the future or just let it happen? Countries exhibiting strong uncertainty avoidance maintain rigid codes of belief and behaviour, and are intolerant of unorthodox behaviour and ideas.
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. Long term orientation versus short term normative orientation Long-term orientation: focus on the future thrift, education, adapt to future, good and evil are relative. Short-term orientation: focus on the present and the past value tradition, national pride, good and evil are absolute.
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. Can you compare the following countries in terms of their 5 dimensions? Write down your ranking on the whiteboard. Singapore China US India Japan South Korea For example: PDI rank: Japan, South Korea, China, Singapore, India, U.S.
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. Answer Singapore China Usa India Japan South Korea 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Country comparison PDI IDV UAI MAS LTO
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. The relationship between these dimensions and CE intensity These dimensions can be applied to organizations Generally speaking, what is the better level of PDI, IDV, UAI, MAS and LTO for CE?
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. But, remember that (1) Innovation is a process, and (2) CE/innovation activities differ by type For example, despite being collectivism-oriented and high PDI, some Asian counties are able to show high innovation intensity different types of innovation may suit different cultures (also applies to organizations) o East Asian culture fosters incremental innovation and Western culture, breakthrough innovation (e.g., Herbig & Palumbo, 1996). o East Asian culture is better at fast and streamlined implementation of innovation (Westwood & Low, 2003).
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© Copyright National University of Singapore. All Rights Reserved. What about leadership style? Is the same leadership style can be applied to promote innovation/CE in East Asian and Western cultures?
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