observations contrary to their ideology Mackie view Confirmation bias can be

Observations contrary to their ideology mackie view

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observations contrary to their ideology Mackie view Confirmation bias can be Rational (bacteria in stomach rejected as contamination) Possibly correct Is shown mistaken in context of a better theory Multiple (liberal) ideologies are both inevitable and reasonably different Thus, we must create institutions for peacefully coordinating on common public actions among those who disagree 38 John Rawls on Liberalism He proposes two general and uncontroversial facts First, the diversity of reasonable comprehensive religious, philosophical, and moral doctrines found in modern democratic societies is not a mere historical condition that may soon pass away; it is a permanent feature of the public culture of democracy Second is that a continuing shared understanding on one comprehensive religious, philosophical, or moral doctrine can be maintained only by the oppressive use of state power 39 Haidt’s Moral Foundations of Politics Controversial, for discussion, not endorsed by instructor Haidt a pioneer in empirical moral psychology, talented, creative His ideas are widely discussed Five Foundations a place to begin, but imperfect, definitely not the last word Loss of simplicity Items not roughly exhaustive and exclusive Items not at equivalent level of generality 40
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11/17/19 11 General Problems Hazard of naturalistic fallacy If the fivefoundations are empirically accurate, that does not mean, e.g., that fascist purity is morally right Almost all human actions are natural, including those we can agree are evil Accurately describing and classifying human moral and social motivations is enough Theorizing on evolutionary origins is a separable enterprise, more controversial, more speculative, and less constrained by evidence His evolutionary explanations are speculative and quick, and are surprisingly non-social 41 Haidt’s Five Foundations Care/harm Fairness/cheating Loyalty/betrayal Authority/subversion Sanctity/degradation Note: Haidt has debated about whether to add a sixth: liberty and oppression 42 Moral Foundations Questionnaire yourmorals.org Part 1. When you decide whether something is right or wrong, to what extent are the following considerations relevant to your thinking? Whether or not someone violated standards of purity and decency. Whether or not someone acted in a way that God would approve of. Whether or not someone acted unfairly. Whether or not someone was cruel. Whether or not someone did something disgusting. Whether or not someone did something to betray his or her group. Etc. Part 2. Please read the following sentences and indicate your level of agreement or disagreement.
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