Poor housesorphanages women very much involved

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Poor houses—orphanages (women very much involved, maternal impulse) Asylums for the insane—Dorothea Dix (Civil War Nurse) she wanted to separate the insane from the criminals. All of these had the message that the right environment were created, then parts of society could be pure and fixed, character could be purified. Then there were the “American” quirky reforms. One of these that formed was in diet and health. Sylvester Graham believed that a poor diet and lack of exercise and alcohol was society’s general problem, we need to change the way people are eating. He recommended a vegetarian diet. One of his beliefs that the digestive system was cause of illness/disease. Promoted exercise, constant baths, lose fitting clothing. Graham also publically denounced masturbation—it lead to insanity, death, and was evidence of a physical and mental weakness. If you needed to indulge, your passions were out of control (control is important, to make rationalze decisions) Mastery of sex drive meant mastery over yourself and your future. Famous for another reason. He invented the graham cracker in 1829, bread from unsifted flour, and free from chloride which believed was not good for the body. One of his followers was John Harvey Kellogg, he was from battle creek Michigan, he believed in Veg. diet, no alcohol, no tobacco, no caffeine, and he says that the solution to all of this is his cereal, Corn Flakes. There were a lot of utopian communites, and they were established, by civil war, more than 100 communities, the shakers, unitens, all of these are utopian communities.
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Joseph Smith and Mormons—claimed that he found a buried book of God’s revelations, the Book of Mormon published in 1827. Smith and followers placed America in the center of God’s world. We have Jesus in the new World. The ancient, his decendants lost their way, he cursed them with darker skin, and came to America (Indians) many followers were attracted to Smith, but many were hostile and forced West to Illinois. There were also the latter day saints. 1843, smith had new revelation of polygamy, host of problems in Illinois, he his jailed for treason, and they are murdered by mob. Brigham young lead 10,000 mormons to the far west to Salt Lake City, out of boundaries of U.S. Government. The third type of reform—the radicals. They are out of the mainstream, not the norm of society. The abolitionists, the legacy of revolution was certainly mixed, north move towards emancipation, but in the south, slavery becomes more entrenched in the south. All of this is leading to more and more heated discussions, even though people are trying to keep it quiet. On of the earliest efforts was the American Colonization society. They wanted to send free slaves back to Africa. Society wanted to send freedmen and women back to African—to Liberia (means liberty) the capital would be moronvia. This would be huge federal undertaking. African amerians had been organizing abolitionist papers and they didn’t want to be sent back to Africa, they hadn’t been born in Africa. Great Britain, controlling the waters after the coast of
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