First pottery because people use gourds before

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-first POTTERY-because people use gourds before. -cultivating local plants like goose foot, may grass, sun flower. -mounds become even more common -in the middle woodland period, 200 b.c. -400 a.d.- get elaborate burials in mounds!! This shows leadership. Ex. site of adena and site of Hopewell in Ohio. People settle down and made use of this early environment. Someone had to order them to get dirt and make mounds because it was flat before. -maize comes in!! maize produces lots of carbohydrates. Enables complexies to increase! More leadership, more integration, more trade, and more warfare. -lots of shaping of the landscape for the mounds -high value items are being created like sculptures. -hopewell mound-after the most significant site was not excavated by archaeologists but by people who were just hacking it out of the ground. We lost a lot of information and evidence of how they might have lived. Found things made out of copper and stone carvings that not everyone could do. good evidence for trade because we see a lot shell beads from other places like Yellowstone. These people had to haul kilos and kilos of items on their back for this trade. -private property-they are still free to dig like this any way they choose if it there’s private property.
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-social complexies just doesn’t accumulate. -late woodland period-400-1000 a.d.-a lot of these complex kinds of activities come to a halt like elaborate burials, trade but local warfare increases!! And then a heavy reliance on maize. That is not what we expected because we thought it would be more after maize but that is not what happens. We have a sense of a general picture ought to develop but now we get to see why sometimes these things don’t’ mesh together. life in the late woodland is not great. More conflict and more repetitive motion injury and dental decay.
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  • Winter '08
  • SCHACHNER
  • Native Americans in the United States, Indigenous peoples of the Americas, Hopewell, north american archaeology

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