Adverse selection a situation in which individuals

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Adverse selection: A situation in which individuals who are sicker than the general population are attracted to a health insurance plan, with adverse effects on the plan's costs Affiliated covered entity: Legally separate covered entities, affiliated by common ownership or control; for purposes of the Privacy Rule, these legally separate entities may refer to themselves as a single covered entity Affinity diagram: A graphic tool used to organize and prioritize ideas after a brainstorming session Affinity grouping: A technique for organizing similar ideas together in natural groupings Aftercare: Healthcare services that are provided to a patient after a period of hospitalization or rehabilitation and are administered with the objective of improving or restoring health to the degree that aftercare is no longer needed Against medical advice (AMA): The discharge status of patients who leave a hospital after signing a form that releases the hospital from any responsibility or who leave a hospital without notifying hospital personnel Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1967): Federal legislation that prohibits employment discrimination against persons between the ages of 40 and 70 and restricts mandatory retirement requirements except where age is a bona fide occupational qualification Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ): The branch of the US Public Health Service that supports general health research and distributes research findings and treatment guidelines with the goal of improving the quality, appropriateness, and effectiveness of healthcare services Agenda for Change: An initiative undertaken by the Joint Commission that focused on changing the emphasis of the accreditation process from structure to outcomes Aggregate data: Data extracted from individual health records and combined to form de-identified information about groups of patients that can be compared and analyzed Aggregate information system: The combining of various data sets in order to compile overview or summary statistics Aging of accounts: The practice of counting the days, generally in 30-day increments, from the time a bill was sent to the payer to the current day AHA Coding Clinic for HCPCS: The official coding advice resource for coding information on HCPCS CPT codes for hospital providers and certain HCPCS level II codes for hospitals, physicians, and other healthcare professionals AHIMA Standards of Ethical Coding: The American Health Information Management Association's principles of professional conduct for coding professionals involved in diagnostic and/or procedural coding or other health record data abstraction Alarm: A type of warning that is generated by an automated medical device Alert: A software-generated warning that is based on a set of clinical rules built in to a healthcare information system Algorithm: A procedure for solving a mathematical problem in a finite number of steps, which frequently involves repetition of an operation Algorithmic translation: A process that involves the use of algorithms to translate or map clinical nomenclatures among each other or to map natural language to a clinical nomenclature or vice versa

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