Historical views on masturbation ancient greeks and

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Historical Views on Masturbation - Ancient Greeks and Egyptians viewed masturbation as healthy and normal. - Views changed! o In 1656 in Connecticut, masturbation was a crime punishable by death o In a 1640’s law code for the Puritan colony of New Haven, Connecticut in the 17 th century “Blasphemers, homosexuals and masturbators” were eligible for the death penalty. o Around the turn of the twentieth century, some physicians began to challenge the idea that masturbation could cause dire medical consequences. Masturbation - Is Masturbation still an issue? o In 1994: Jocelyn Elders (US Surgeon. General) mentioned as an aside that is should be mentioned in school curricula that masturbation was safe and healthy, she was forced to resign. o We are not alone in Masturbation, other animals and species are seen to masturbate. o Female porcupines have been observed using sticks as vibrators. o Prehistoric rock painting around the world depicts males masturbating o 4 th Millennium BC a temple site on the island of Malta depicts a woman masturbating. Masturbation in the Victorian Era - The medical literature of the times describes procedures for electric shock treatment, infibulation, restraining devices like chastity belts and straitjackets, cauterization or – as a last resort – wholesale surgical excision of the genitals. - Women were forbidden from riding bicycles or riding horses. Masturbation History - Vibrators were advertised in the early 1900’s in magazines and disguised as massaging devices for health rather than sexual pleasure. History of the Vibrator
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- Historically physicians provided treatment for “hysteria: through the massage of the genitals until the women reached orgasm - The vibrator was invented so that doctors could increase the number of patients treated and the speed at which each individual could be treated. Sex and Advertising - Sexologist Alfred Kinsey’s “Kinsey Reports” about human sexuality, published in the 1950s, brought an openness to advertising in the media with sexy campaigns such as Clairol’s hair color campaign slogan. “Does she or doesn’t she?” Sex and Media - Media plays a large role in shaping our norms and our identities - Media helps us learn what is “normal” and what is expected of us - We learn about what we “should” or “should not” desire. - At times these messages are very subtle or even blatantly unrealistic Functions of Media - Cultivation Theory : a television as a meaningful representation of interactions in everyday life - Agenda Setting : Emphasizing certain types of stories and excluding others has the effect of only showing viewers what the companies and reports see as valuable and will produce ratings - Social Learning : Characters and interactions viewed on television serve as a model for who we should be and how we should interact with others.
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