WD D-Healthy Traveler

Malaria worldwide 33 billion people half the worlds

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Malaria Worldwide 3.3 billion people (half the world’s population) live in areas at risk for malaria transmission. 35 countries (30 in sub-Saharan Africa and 5 in Asia) account for 98% of global malaria deaths. The World Health Organization estimates that in 2010, malaria caused 350-500 million clinical episodes of malaria. An estimated 863,000 malaria deaths occur every year, most of them children. 89% of malaria deaths occur in Africa. Malaria is the fifth cause of death from infectious diseases worldwide (after respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, and tuberculosis). Malaria is the second leading cause of death from infectious diseases in Africa, after HIV/AIDS. Source: Preventive Options for Serious Travel Health Issues Disease Vaccine Prophylaxis Drug Eat and Drink Safely Avoid Insects Malaria Typhoid Hepatitis A Cholera Japanese Encephalitis Source:
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Healthy Traveler: Travel and Health Information from Quest Specialty Travel Medical Kit and Personal Items Travelers should always carry a medical kit, particularly to destinations where there may be significant health risks, including developing countries where local availability of medications cannot be guaranteed. The medical kit should include basic medicines to treat common ailments, first aid items, and any other special items, such as syringes and needles, that might be needed for a pre-existing medical condition. It is also important to bring a signed statement from a physician certifying that the traveler requires specific medication or items for a medical condition. Travelers should also carry personal items in sufficient quantity for the length of the visit, unless their availability is assured at the travel destination. Such items might include toothpaste, supplies and solutions for contact lenses, skin care items, and other items for personal hygiene. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends travelers carry the following items for a basic medical kit: First aid items Adhesive bandages, multiple sizes Adhesive tape Antibacterial hand wipes or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer containing at least 60% alcohol Antifungal and antibacterial ointments Antihistamine Anti-itch cream for insect bites and stings Antiseptic wound cleanser Cotton swabs Digital thermometer Disposable gloves Elastic bandage wrap for sprains and strains First aid quick reference card Insect repellent Medication for pain or fever, such as Acetaminophen, Aspirin, or Ibuprofen Moleskin for blisters Oral rehydration salts Saline eye drops Scissors, safety pins, and tweezers 2 Sterile dressing 2 Pack these items in checked luggage Other important items The following items might be necessary depending on the destination, trip duration, and individual needs: Antibiotic for self-treatment of diarrhea Antidiarrheal medication Antifungal powder Antimalarial medication Anti-motion sickness medication Epinephrine auto-injector (such as an EpiPen) for severe allergic reactions Extra pair of contacts or prescription glasses Medication for high-altitude sickness Medications taken on a regular basis at home 3 Mild laxative Mild sleep aid or anti-anxiety medication Sterile syringes and needles
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