Motives to achieve thematic apperception test tat o a

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Motives to Achieve: Thematic Apperception Test: (TAT) o A projective test that asks respondents to interpret a series of drawings showing scenes of people; usually scored for unconscious motives, such the need for achievement, power, or affiliation o Does not have a strong test-retest reliability, meaning its dependent on what’s happening in that current moment in their life Goals: o Goal will improve your motivation and performance if: Goal is specific Goal is Challenging Goal is framed in terms of getting what you want rather than avoiding what you do not want Approach Goals : goals framed in terms of desired outcomes or experiences, such as learning to scuba dive o These are better because they allow you to focus on what you can actively do to accomplish them and the intrinsic effects of the activity o People with these have a greater well-being, better health, and better sexual relations Avoidance Goals: goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences, such as trying not look foolish in public Performance Goals – concerned primarily being judged favourably and avoiding criticism Mastery Goals – concerned with increasing their competence and skills and finding intrinsic pleasure in what they are learning
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Powerful intrinsic motivators at all levels of education and 2throughout life Work Motivation: Depends on the circumstances of the job Incentive pay is more effective than predictable raises Success and promotion/improving will provide more motivation Expectations and Self-Efficacy: o When goals and values are in harmony – life is good o Approach-Approach Conflicts: Person is equally attracted to two goals o Avoidance-Avoidance Conflicts: Choose the lesser of the 2 disliked goals o Approach-Avoidance Conflicts: Most difficult to resolve because the person is both attracted and repelled by the same goal Prolonged conflict can lead to physical symptoms and reduced well being o Maslow believed that human motives could be ranked in a hierarchy of needs (basic needs to self-actualization) but is not supported empirically o Recent approaches say that people have four major psychological needs: Autonomy: make choices on your true interests and values Competence: feeling able to master challenges Relatedness: feeling close to others who are important to you Self-Esteem: having self-respect
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