Colonial and Georgian examples (anonymous architects): Massachusetts Colony (today Topsfield), Parson Capen House, 1689. "Westover," Virginia, 1730-53. Williamsburg, Va., College of William and Mary, completed 1720. Boston, Massachusetts Statehouse, arch. Charles Bulfinch, 1795-98; cf. London, Somerset House by William Chambers, 1776. Baltimore, Cathedral of the Assumption, arch. Benjamin H. Latrobe, 1806-21. Philadelphia, Second Bank of the US, arch. William Strickland, 1818. American Architecture II: Thomas Jefferson(1743-1826) Charlottesville, VA, Monticello, begun in 1770's; cf. London, Chiswick House, Lord Burlington, 1729; Vicenza, Villa Rotonda, Palladio, 1550; Rome, Pantheon. Richmond, VA, Virginia State Capitol, 1785-89. Charlottesville, University of Virginia, 1818; cf. Houston, University of St. Thomas, P. Johnson, beg. 1946.
11University of Houston Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture and Design ARCH 2351/6341 American Architecture III: Influence of the Beaux-Arts: The Search for an American Style in the 19thCenturySuggested Reading: Ching, pp. 639, 642-643, 652-653; Moffett, pp. 432-437, 462-467; Trachtenberg (2ndedition), pp. 429-436, 471-473; Sutton, pp. 284-286; Ingersoll, chapter 16.3. Paris, Opera, arch. Charles Garnier, 1861-75; commissioned by Napoleon III as the focus of the new, updated city of Paris, to be used by the bourgeoisie(the newly rich). Richard Morris Hunt (1827-1895) Asheville, N.C., Biltmore House, 1889-95; cf. 16th-century wing of the French Chateau Blois; commissioned by G.W. Vanderbilt II. Charles McKim, William Mead, Stanford White (firm of McKim, Mead and White), practiced in New York from 1879-1909. New York City, Villard Houses, 1882-85; modeled in general on Renaissance palazzos. Boston, Public Library, 1887-95; cf. Bibliotheque Ste. Genevieve in Paris and the Palazzo della Cancelleria in Rome (Chicago, Public Library, now Cultural Center, 1897). Henry Hobson Richardson (1838-1886) Boston, Trinity Church, 1872-77; cf. façade of St. Gilles du Gard in southern France; polychromy of exterior and interior in the Auvergne region of central France (St. Austremoine in the town of Issoire); tower at the Old Cathedral in Salamanca, Spain. Quincy, MA, Crane Memorial Public Library, 1880. Chicago, Marshall Fields wholesale store, 1885-87.
12University of Houston Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture and Design ARCH 2351/6341 The Architecture of TechnologySuggested Reading: Ching, p. 632; Moffett, pp. 437-445; Trachtenberg, pp. 462-485 (2nded., pp. 443-463); Nuttgens, pp. 240-251; Sutton, pp. 304-312; Ingersoll, chapter 15.3. London, Crystal Palace, International Exposition of 1851, arch. Joseph Paxton; cf. Chatsworth Conservatory, 1836: ridge and furrow glazing. Coalbrookdale, England, Severn River Bridge, 1779, Pritchard and Darby. London, St. Pancras Station and Hotel, 1863-65, arch. of station and hotel George Gilbert Scott, engineers for train shed Barlow and Ordish. Paris, Notre-Dame-du-Travail, 1898-1902, arch. Jules Astruc. Paris, Eiffel Tower, Exposition of 1889, arch./engineer Gustave Eiffel (1832-1923).
13University of Houston Gerald D. Hines College of Architecture and Design ARCH 2351/6341 Architecture at the Turn of the Century: Arts & Crafts and Art NouveauSuggested Reading: Ching, pp. 644, 657-659; Moffett, pp. 449, 452-461; Trachtenberg, pp. 487-493, 509-512 (2nded., pp. 465-471, 485-488); Nuttgens, pp. 252-261; Sutton, pp. 290-297; Curtis, ch’s 3, 5; Ingersoll, chapters 17.1 and 17.3.
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