Unintentional weight loss ankle feet and leg swelling

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Unintentional weight loss Ankle, feet, and leg swelling Fatigue Signs and tests A physical examination may show wheezing, decreased breath sounds , or prolonged exhalation (exhalation takes more than twice as long as inspiration). The chest may be barrel-shaped. There may be signs of chronically insufficient oxygen levels in the blood. These tests help confirm the diagnosis: Pulmonary function tests Chest x-ray Arterial blood gases showing low levels of oxygen in the blood (hypoxemia), and high levels of carbon dioxide ( respiratory acidosis ) This disease may also alter the results of the following tests: Pulmonary ventilation/perfusion scan Chest CT scan
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Treatment Smoking cessation is the most important and effective treatment. Only quitting smoking can stop the progression of lung damage once it has started. Medications used to improve breathing include bronchodilators (hand-held inhaler or nebulizer), diuretics, and corticosteroids. Antibiotics may be prescribed when respiratory infections occur. Influenza (flu) vaccines and Pneumovax (pneumonia vaccine) are recommended for people with emphysema. Low-flow oxygen can be used during exertion, continuously, or at night. Pulmonary rehabilitation can improve exercise tolerance and quality of life in the short-term. Lung transplantation is an option for patients with severe disease.
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  • Fall '19
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

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