The BOOST programme targets the people who really need the assistance 334 377

The boost programme targets the people who really

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The BOOST programme targets the people who really need the assistance. 334 3.77 0.85 7. Overall, the selection process of the BOOST programme is fair to all Belizeans. 335 3.78 0.78 Response Scale: 1 disagree strongly, 2 disagree, 3 neither agree nor disagree, 4 agree, 5 agree strongly Two components emerge from the data with item 1 removed. Component 1 (measured by items 2 to 5) seems to measure scepticism about the selection process whereas component 2 (measured by items 6 and 7) can be regarded as measuring belief in fairness 12 . By examining the results for the scales (Table 24) it is deduced that the level of scepticism is middling (confidence interval captures midpoint) whereas that of belief in fairness is mild (confidence interval above midpoint). The relative distance of the scale mean from the maximum value of the scale (calculated as the distance divided by the standard deviation) is also larger for scepticism. This indicates that the average level of belief in fairness is closer to its maximum than scepticism and in this sense, there is relatively greater belief in the fairness of the selections than scepticism. The confidence interval for the single item measure (item 1 only) of the extent to which the selection procedure is thought to be unbiased captures the scale midpoint thereby indicating some degree of indecisiveness about whether the beneficiary selections are unbiased. Table 24 Perceived Fairness of the Selection Procedure Scale n Alpha Mean SD 95% Confidence Interval Dist. to Max Typical Scale Points Lower Upper Min Mid Max Scepticism 320 0.85 11.99 3.2 5 11.63 12.35 2.46 4 12 20 Belief in Fairness 330 0.63 7.56 1.3 9 7.41 7.71 1.76 2 6 10 Unbiased Selections (Item 1) 335 ---- 3 1.0 1 2.89 3.11 1.98 1 3 5 n- effective sample size, Alpha Cronbach Alpha, SD standard deviation, Min Minimum, Mid Middle, Max Maximum, Dist. to Max distance of mean from Max. When this item is removed the model now explains approximately 71.01% of the variance in the items and all the loadings remain large. In addition, the data are adequate for such analysis (Bartlet’s static = 694.02, df = 15, p = 0.00). The correlation between the two components is quite small (0.06 with Oblimin rotation). 12 The scepticism scale has high reliability (Cronbach alpha) whereas the reliability of the belief in fairness scale has relatively low reliability ( Table 24 )
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32 Although belief in fairness of the selections is stronger than feelings of scepticism, scepticism should not be ignored. The referral process employed to identify potential beneficiaries, especially the referrals from political representatives may have indeed impacted on perceptions so that in spite of application of the PMT, there is lingering belief that there is political influence in the process. 9.2.2 BOOST Benefits The BOOST programme provides a basic cash transfer to each beneficiary amounting to BZ$44.00 (US$22.00) per month. The size of benefits remain the same for all other categories except school children based on a system of differentiation by gender and grade level (discussed earlier) (see Figure 2, page 5). A beneficiary household may
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