rat loud sound D loud sound fear ANS A DIF Moderate REF 62 Phobias and

Rat loud sound d loud sound fear ans a dif moderate

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rat; loud sound D. loud sound; fear ANS: A DIF: Moderate REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Understanding 59. Watson’s study of Little Albert was one of the first studies on what clinical phenomenon? A. overeating C. OCD B. phobias D. ADHD ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Remembering 60. What is believed to have happened to Little Albert? A. Albert spent the rest of his life fear- ful of all white objects. B. Albert was later diagnosed with clin- ical depression. C. Albert died of meningitis at age 6. D. Albert eventually committed suicide as a teenager. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Remembering 61. Dante was sitting on a rock to rest during a hike. Suddenly he felt immense pain and looked down to see a snake had bitten him in the leg. He is now ter- rified of anything that even resembles a snake. Dante has developed a(n): A. identification ability with regard to snakes. B. phobia of snakes. C. distrust of snakes.
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D. disinterest for snakes. ANS: B DIF: Easy REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Understanding 62. According to classical-conditioning theory, phobias develop as the result of: A. cultural learning. C. specification of a fear experience. B. biological pre- paredness. D. generalization of a fear experi- ence. ANS: D DIF: Moderate REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Applying 63. Why was Little Albert not counterconditioned, or systematically desensitized, for his acquired fear of rats? A. Once learned, a phobia is perma- nent. B. Systematic desensitization has been shown to be ineffective for treating fear. C. His mother removed him from the study. D. The scientific community considered the experiment unethical and ended it abruptly. ANS: C DIF: Easy REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology MSC: Remembering 64. How might behavioral techniques help treat phobias? A. by removing the central nucleus of the amygdala B. by conditioning a new uncondi- tioned stimulus to the conditioned response, thus removing the initial conditioning C. by systematically desensitizing the threat through the introduction of new conditioned responses
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D. by punishing unwanted conditioned responses to the phobic uncondi- tioned stimulus ANS: C DIF: Moderate REF: 6.2 Phobias and Addictions Have Learned Components OBJ: 6.2E NAT: APA Goal 1, Knowledge Base in Psychology | APA Goal 2, Scientific In- quiry and Critical Thinking MSC: Applying 65. The process by which an individual needs increasing amounts of a drug to achieve the same psychological or physical effects is known as: A. addiction. C. sensitization.
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