2) We imagine how other people judge the appearance we think we present in step one. (How do we think they feel about us?).
3) We develop a self-concept based on how we feel we are judged in step two (judged in a good way, we have a favourable self-concept). o In summary: The individual cannot be separated from society The very self is based on and developed through interaction Perception is reality Thomas Theory : It is not important whether or not the interpretation is correct — if men define situations as real, they are real in their consequences. o Perception is reality Mead Theory : The social self is based on the perspective that the self emerges from social interactions o The self is not present from birth, but it is developed over time from social experiences and activities o This process requires that individuals put themselves in the role of the other individual in an interaction. (Role-taking) o Three activities develop the self : 1) Language Allows us to convey information to each other through symbols, gestures, words, and sounds. (attitudes, opinions, emotions) 2) Play Allows us to practice taking on different roles, pretend, and express expectation of others. Role-play allows internalization of the other perspective and develops understanding of how others feel or perceive their world. It is important to note that the play stage involves taking the role of specific others. 3) Games Develops the self by teaching that there are rules one must abide by in order to win a game or be successful at an activity Involves taking the role of the generalized other . o Me : The internalization of the expectations of the generalized other Learned behaviors, attitudes and expectations o I: Socialized desire The I is the individual’s identity based on response to the Me The Me acts as a source of stability The I acts as a source of change. Freud : The bulk of human self was formed in the unconscious. o Self (human mind) 3 parts : Id : ( selfish desires) represents instinctive desires unsocialized human nature these impulses are largely controlled or repressed Ego : ( who you really are)
7 the acting individual The mediator between desires and action Tries to reconcile the conflicting demands of the Id and Superego Superego : ( influenced by parents) the conscience Represents social ideals Internalized parental and social authority Although the parent is not present physically, he/she is there in the mind of the individual praising for good deeds and scolding for bad. the key device by which society’s values are transmitted to individuals. o Society’s norms and values are passed down from generation to generation in this way. (parson) Identity Theory : Modern descendants of Mead and Cooley o Identity Theory (sociology): Identity is based on social roles.
- Fall '06