the local people into the tourism industry through employment, especially employment of the youth male and female is the prime tourism development in this area”. Furthermore, another interviewee from local people takes the attention of Ryan et al. (2011) theory that argued “cultural exchange between local people and tourists is an important benefit of tourism development” in a developing society. In contrast, the arguments of the interviewees from local community also did not ignore the noteworthy developments have been taken due to tourism development in this area. Among them, all interviewees have assumed that tourism development significantly improves the physical and economic condition of this environment. However, some interviewees from local community also include the terrible issues that take along due to tourism development in this geographical location. 4.2 Impact of Tourism Development Although local people asserted that tourism development in Cox’s Bazar has huge benefits but they also claimed that it creates some terrible effects in this area. Whilst tourism developers mostly argued the benefits that tourism developments take along, in which they often opposed some of the negatives arguments claimed by local people. Although many interviewees revealed the almost same result as tourism development in Cox’s Bazar is the beneficiary. However, among them, some of the interviewees did not deny the terrible effects that tourism development created in this area. A senior positioned officer of Bangladesh Tourism Board argued that “of course tourism development in Cox’s Bazar brings numerous benefits for the local people as well as for the country”. This interviewee has reminded the argument of Cooper et al. (2005) - Tourism can preserve cultures, resurrect forgotten traditions and prevent cultural stagnation. Furthermore, the interviewee who directly involved within the tourism development in Cox’s Bazar argued that “so far these developments did not bring any conflicts between tourism development and local people”. He further mentioned that local
173 Original Scientific PaperHossin, Md. Z. Vol.1/No.1/2016/166-180 people welcome tourists in this area as tourism is the main industry. Many respondents argued that tourism development in Cox’s Bazar brings incredible benefits for the local people through creating huge employment opportunities, improving local infrastructures, giving the opportunity to exchange culture between hosts and guests, educational development and improve the overall living standard in this area. Sharpley & Telfer (2014) stated that tourism development in developing countries creates huge employment opportunities and improve the local infrastructure. Moreover, Cooper et al (2005) argued that tourism development in developing countries is a set of economic and physical development, which is absolutely right in terms of Cox’s Bazar as the tourism developments significantly improve the economic, physical and cultural benefits. Interviewees from Bangladesh Tourism Board and Bangladesh
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The Land, Tragedy of the Commons, Bangladesh Tourism Board