Restore savings rate, investment The “Three Represents” 1. Advanced forces of production (policy concerned with 1st point) o Codeword for: Party should represent cutting-edge elements of the Chinese economy Non-state sector, entrepreneurs, capitalists—to include into the Party Shanghai was base of the capitalists o Studying the causes of collapses of authoritarian regime in the world Capitalists not under the umbrella of the Party tend to form opposition parties Therefore Party extended its membership base 2. Advanced culture 3. Interests of the broad masses (of the people) “Technocratic rule” Form of government where decision-makers are chosen from a governing office based on technical skill Emphasis on their technical skill-set, characterizing Jiang’s style of rule Not seeing the big picture, not holistic ways to solve problems, not visionaries Generation of technocrats, no horizontality, only hierarchical verticality Role of the Chinese military in politics 1969-76, military control in the country First year in office, went to all of the military offices in nine months o Military budget went up 16% per year while in office 1989 Tiananmen: Military saves the Party, intervenes and plays a role in Chinese politics o Third time military saved party and kept them in power [*Info lacking*] Impact of the collapse of the Soviet Union on the CCP Defining feature of the CCP: the Soviet collapse o Major takeaway: ruling party that is not changing will stagnate Reasons for Soviet Collapse: 1. Economic: o Complete state control, attempted autarky, no price fluctuation
o Non-integration into the international system, isolationist o Excessively dominated by military and industrial sector (55% GDP during CW) 2. Political: o Totalitarian system, over-concentrating political power, personal dictatorship o No succession arrangements for transition of leaders o In need of a collective decision-making system, lacking inter-party democracy o Lack of feedback mechanism, ruling class became oligarchical 3. Social and Cultural Factors: o Society is intimated, low standards of living, disillusioned youth o Ethnic chauvinism towards minority groups 4. International Influence: o Overstretched its sphere of influence, rendered ineffective, domination of Eastern Europe o American and European subversion, blamed it on NPC and CPCC National People’s Congress o Nearly 3000 members, largest in the world, unicameral legislature o Election of the President of the PRC o Approving the appointment of the Premier to the State Council o Meets for two weeks every year with the CPPCC Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference o Representing various social groups o Consists of delegates ranging from a wide variety of parties and organizations o Organizational hierarchy includes the National Committee and regional committees State Council Chief administrative office of the PRC, chaired by the Premier
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