DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation examples occupation dress

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Your Answer: Explanation Examples: occupation, dress, wealth, recreation, residential location & house type, make of car, cultural activities etc. Question 39 of 40 The "rags-to-riches " belief is rampant in the USA, bolstered by traditional stories of people like Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Alva Edison, Booker T. Washington, Sam Walton, etc.. People who became wealthy or famous in their own lifetime, yet starting from very modest beginnings. Your Answer: Explanation In open-class societies, the stratification allows a great deal of mobility. Question 40 of 40 In nuclear families it is easier to accomplish upward mobility because the individual is not tied to as many people. Your Answer: Explanation Upward mobility refers to the ability to move upward in the class system. The individual can accomplish mobility through several means--occupational mobility, mobility through marriage, disassociation from a lower-class family by establishing a neolocal residence. Economic Organization Question 1 of 24 Hunting/Gathering (H&G) or foraging is the earliest human subsistence form and most stable. In this form, a unit of production is the same as a unit of consumption. Your Answer: Explanation
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Of 150 billion people who have lived, 60% were H&G, 99% of our time as a species has been as H&G. Foragers have limited material culture, and heavy dependence on social structure. They also maintain a low population. Question 2 of 24 People who survive on the collection of naturally occurring plants and animals are called hunter - gatherers. Your Answer: Explanation Until approximately 8,000 years ago, all humans foraged for wild food. Many cultures practiced hunting or gathering in some combination with animal husbandry (the practice of breeding and raising livestock) or agriculture. Question 3 of 24 Horticulture is the domestication of plants or gardening by using tools that require human power. Your Answer: Explanation It is characterized by increased labor intensity, surpluses and social stratification. Question 4 of 24 The selective breeding of animals and plants by humans is called artificial selection . Your Answer: Explanation In agriculture, superior strains of soybeans, wheat, and corn have resulted from careful breeding. Animal breeders often are able to change the characteristics of domestic animals by selecting for breeding individuals with the most desirable traits, obedience in dogs, speed or strength in horses, milk production in dairy cows etc. Question 5 of 24 Agriculture is essentially hypertrophic horticulture among large populations. Your Answer: Explanation Hypertrophic means abnormally large. A shift of population from food production to specialization leads to Industrialism or mechanization/mass production. Question 6 of 24
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Food gathering based primarily on raising domesticated animals is called pastoralism.
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