DSST Anthropology as a Discipline 2

Your answer explanation the state is a special group

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Your Answer: Explanation The state is a special group charged with allocating authority to use physical force to achieve peace and conformance with law and custom and to maintain territorial integrity against external threats.
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Question 29 of 40 To understand politics , one must be aware of the territorial extent and organization of the society and how space is divided in terms of allocation of force. Your Answer: Explanation Also essential is knowledge of the social system through which force is allocated to and by different individuals playing different roles and how that system is viewed by those living in it. Question 30 of 40 A social class is a category of individuals who enjoy equal or nearly equal prestige according to the evaluation system. Your Answer: Explanation Perception of class is relative, i.e, the distinctions are not clear-cut. People within a particular class—the rich, e.g.—will themselves consider some people within their class and others not within it, while people outside the rich may consider a different set as belonging. Question 31 of 40 Class designation does not always refer to economic factors like brand of car. Your Answer: Explanation People may be considered high or low class in terms of taste, for example (preferring opera is considered high class in Western society, while preferring country music is considered low class). Question 32 of 40 Typically, class differentiation depends upon a variety of interacting factors (economics, social status, aesthetic preferences, behavior, occupation, appearance, civic involvement) Your Answer: Explanation Caste systems, being endogamous, are much more clear-cut. India is the most famous example. Question 33 of 40 Caste is a special form of social class in which membership is determined by birth and remains fixed for life.
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Your Answer: Explanation Literally thousands of castes exist in India, based on birth and on occupation, these thousands are divided up into four major groups – Brahmins, warriors, artisans and laborers. Question 34 of 40 In India, the untouchables , or outcasts, own nothing - neither land nor tools. Your Answer: Explanation They provide all of the unskilled and menial labor. The Indian caste system is considered by some to be unique. Question 35 of 40 Some think the Indian caste model applies to other systems, such as apartheid in South Africa (where blacks served as the landless untouchables who served as the mobile available work force). Your Answer: Explanation This has now been abolished. A similar mobile, landless work force developed in China about 2200 years ago, about the same time as the caste system in India. Question 36 of 40 "The basis of social class structure is role differentiation". It also requires formalized, institutionalized methods for assessing whether particular roles are valued or not valued, desirable or undesirable. Your Answer:
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Your Answer Explanation The state is a special group...

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