They use domain name addressing a domain name is a

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They use domain name addressing. A domain name is a unique name associated with a specific IP address by a program that runs on an Internet host computer. This program, which coordinates the IP addresses and domain names for all computers attached to it, is called DNS (Domain Name System ) software . The host computer that runs this software is called a domain name server.
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Domain Name Addressing Domain names can include any number of parts separated by periods, however most domain names currently in use have only three or four parts. Domain names follow hierarchical model that you can follow from top to bottom if you read the name from the right to the left. For example, the domain name gsb.uchicago.edu is the computer connected to the Internet at the Graduate School of Business (gsb), which is an academic unit of the University of Chicago (uchicago), which is an educational institution (edu). No other computer on the Internet has the same domain name.
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Uniform Resource Locators The IP address and the domain name each identify a particular computer on the Internet. However, they do not indicate where a Web page’s HTML document resides on that computer. To identify a Web pages exact location, Web browsers rely on Uniform Resource Locator (URL). URL is a four-part addressing scheme that tells the Web browser: What transfer protocol to use for transporting the file The domain name of the computer on which the file resides The pathname of the folder or directory on the computer on which the file resides The name of the file
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Structure of a Uniform Resource Locators protocol Domain name pathname filename http => Hypertext Transfer Protocol
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HTTP The transfer protocol is the set of rules that the computers use to move files from one computer to another on the Internet. The most common transfer protocol used on the Internet is the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP). Two other protocols that you can use on the Internet are the File Transfer Protocol (FTP) and the Telnet Protocol
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How to find information on the Web? A number of search tools have been developed and available to you on certain Web sites that provide search services to help you find information. Examples: Yahoo Excite Lycos AltaVista www/alta-vista.com MSN WebSearch
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How to find information on the Web? You can find information by two basic means. Search by Topic and Search by keywords . Some search services offer both methods, others only one. Yahoo offers both. Search by Topic You can navigate through topic lists Search by keywords You can navigate by entering a keyword or phase into a search text box.
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  • Fall '08
  • staff
  • World Wide Web, transfer protocol

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